Learn More
The homeobox Six genes, homologues to Drosophila sine oculis (so) gene, are expressed in multiple organs during mammalian development. However, their roles during auditory system development have not been studied. We report that Six1 is required for mouse auditory system development. During inner ear development, Six1 expression was first detected in the(More)
A role for the Notch signalling pathway in the formation of arteriovenous malformations during development has been suggested. However, whether Notch signalling is involved in brain arteriovenous malformations in humans remains unclear. Here, we performed immunohistochemistry on surgically resected brain arteriovenous malformations and found that, compared(More)
While much work has been conducted regarding the neurogenesis response to traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rodents, it remains largely unknown whether neurogenesis in adult human brain also responds to TBI in a similar manner. Here, we performed immunocytochemistry on 11 brain specimens from patients with traumatic brain injury, who underwent surgical(More)
Reactive gliosis and glial scar formation have been evidenced in the animal model of ischemic stroke, but not in human ischemic brain. Here, we have found that GFAP, ED1 and chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans (CSPG) expression were significantly increased in the cortical peri-infarct regions after ischemic stroke, compared with adjacent normal tissues and(More)
Up-regulation of Notch4 was observed in the endothelial cells in the arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in mice. However, whether Notch4 is also involved in brain AVMs in humans remains unclear. Here, we performed immunohistochemistry on normal brain vascular tissue and surgically resected brain AVMs and found that Notch4 was up-regulated in the subset of(More)
MeePo uses associative data sharing, big data metering, data prefetching, privileged access control, and privacy preservation to allow large communities of users to securely share data. ommunity clouds, a growing sub-class of public clouds, 1,2 appear as a collaborative infrastructure shared by multiple organizations with some common social, research, or(More)
Dopamine receptor agonists (DAs) can reduce hormone release and tumor mass in the majority of prolactinomas, whereas such effects are controversial in clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). Whether expression of dopamine 2 receptor (D2R) is different in subgroups of NFPAs has not been fully elucidated. We assessed and compared D2R subtype(More)
Normal sexual development and reproductive function depend on precise temporal and quantitative expression of the pituitary gonadotropins, LH and FSH. LHβ-subunit gene expression is achieved by transcription factors acting at highly conserved and closely spaced cis-elements in the proximal 200 base pairs of the promoter. We now demonstrate that LHβ promoter(More)
Crk is the prototypical member of a class of Src homology 2 (SH2) and Src homology 3 (SH3) domain-containing adaptor proteins that positively regulate cell motility via the activation of Rac1 and, in certain tumor types such as GBM, can promote cell invasion and metastasis by mechanisms that are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that Crk, via its(More)
BACKGROUND Pituitary apoplexy is a rare disease caused by a sudden hemorrhage into or infarction of the pituitary gland. Its optimal management remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of surgical and non-surgical treatments for pituitary apoplexy. METHODS A systematic literature search was performed of MedLine, EmBase, the(More)