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The central auditory system translates sound localization cues into a map of space guided, in part, by visual experience. In barn owls, this process takes place in the external nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICX). However, to date, no trace of visual activity has been observed in this auditory nucleus. Here we show that strong visual responses, which(More)
One of the fascinating properties of the central nervous system is its ability to learn: the ability to alter its functional properties adaptively as a consequence of the interactions of an animal with the environment. The auditory localization pathway provides an opportunity to observe such adaptive changes and to study the cellular mechanisms that(More)
As the prevalence of general purpose computations on GPU, shared memory programming models were proposed to ease the pain of GPU programming. However, with the demanding needs of more intensive workloads, it’s desirable to port GPU programs to more scalable distributed memory environment, such as multi-GPUs. To achieve this, programs need to be re-written(More)
We studied the influence of GABA-mediated inhibition on adaptive adjustment of the owl's auditory space map during the initial phase of plasticity. Plasticity of the auditory space map was induced by subjecting owls to a chronic prismatic displacement of the visual field. In the initial stages of plasticity, inhibition suppressed responses to behaviorally(More)
The role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic inhibition in shaping the excitatory frequency tuning of 74 neurons in the superior olivary nucleus of the leopard frog, Rana pipiens, was studied using iontophoretic application of the GABA(A) receptor antagonist, bicuculline methiodide. For 37 neurons, bicuculline application broadened and/or changed the(More)
Behavioral adaption to a changing environment is critical for an animal's survival. How well the brain can modify its functional properties based on experience essentially defines the limits of behavioral adaptation. In adult animals the extent to which experience shapes brain function has not been fully explored. Moreover, the perceptual consequences of(More)
Attribute-based file access has been regarded as a promising method to reach files based on their attributes rather than through the usual directory hierarchy, which is especially meaningful for locating the target among mass of files. However, because the attribute-based file system introduces higher performance overhead and is usually incompatible with(More)
It is a classic topic of social network analysis to evaluate the importance of nodes and identify the node that takes on the role of core or bridge in a network. Because a single indicator is not sufficient to analyze multiple characteristics of a node, it is a natural solution to apply multiple indicators that should be selected carefully. An intuitive(More)
Concurrency bugs are becoming widespread with the emerging ubiquity of multicore processors and multithreaded software. They manifest during production runs and lead to severe losses. Many effective concurrency-bug detection tools have been built. However, the dependability of multi-threaded software does not improve until these bugs are handled statically(More)
We have developed a fully automated system for operant behavior testing and neuronal activity recording by which multiple cognitive brain functions can be investigated in a single task sequence. The unique feature of this system is a custom-made, acoustically transparent chamber that eliminates many of the issues associated with auditory cue control in most(More)