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Time-series DNA-stable isotope probing (SIP) was used to identify the microbes assimilating carbon from [(13)C]toluene under nitrate- or sulfate-amended conditions in a range of inoculum sources, including uncontaminated and contaminated soil and wastewater treatment samples. In all, five different phylotypes were found to be responsible for toluene(More)
The enrichment of several genes (xylE, nahAcd, todC1C2BA, tmoABCDE, alkB) that encode enzymes responsible for key steps in the degradation of hydrocarbons, and one gene specific to rRNA group I of the genus Pseudomonas, was studied in DNA extracted from a fuel oil–contaminated field site, and in laboratory microcosms (with the exception of alkB). Toluene,(More)
Anaerobic methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) degradation potential was investigated in samples from a range of sources. From these 22 experimental variations, only one source (from wastewater treatment plant samples) exhibited MTBE degradation. These microcosms were methanogenic and were subjected to DNA-based stable isotope probing (SIP) targeted to both(More)
Three methods for the isolation of microbial RNA from low-biomass deep-subsurface sediments have been developed and evaluated. RNA was isolated from samples taken from depths ranging from 173 to 217 m, and samples represented a variety of lithologies, including lacustrine, fluvial sand, and paleosol sediments. Cell numbers in these samples were estimated to(More)
The study investigates two functional genes for toluene degradation across three redox conditions (nitrate and sulfate amended and methanogenic). The genes targeted include benzylsuccinate synthase α-subunit (bssA) and a gene recently identified as being a strong indicator of anaerobic aromatic degradation, called 6-oxocylcohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA(More)
Although oilfields harbor a wide diversity of microorganisms with various metabolic potentials, our current knowledge about oil-degrading bacteria is limited because the vast majority of oil-degrading bacteria remain uncultured. In the present study, microbial communities in nine oil-contaminated soils collected from Daqing and Changqing, two of the largest(More)
Nonylphenol (NP) is one of commonly detected contaminants in the environment. Biological degradation is mainly responsible for remediation of NP-contaminated site. Knowledge about the structure of NP-degrading microbial community is still very limited. Microcosms were constructed to investigate the structure of microbial community in NP-contaminated river(More)
Protein refolding is a bottleneck in the production of therapeutic proteins from inclusion bodies. In recent years, several studies have described on-column refolding of recombinant proteins. DT389-hIL13 is a recombinant protein that targets the glioma. In our study, the recombinant protein DT389-hIL13 was expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli). The(More)
Activated sludge system is an important process of domestic and industrial wastewater treatment containing highly diverse microbial communities. In this study, high-throughput sequencing was applied to examine the microbial community composition and diversity of activated sludge samples from four full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in(More)