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Periventricular leukomalacia is a form of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral white matter injury seen most commonly in premature infants and is the major antecedent of cerebral palsy. Glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxicity is a predominant mechanism of hypoxic-ischemic injury to developing cerebral white matter. We have demonstrated previously the protective(More)
Hypoxia is the most common cause of perinatal seizures and can be refractory to conventional anticonvulsant drugs, suggesting an age-specific form of epileptogenesis. A model of hypoxia-induced seizures in immature rats reveals that seizures result in immediate activation of the phosphatase calcineurin (CaN) in area CA1 of hippocampus. After seizures, CA1(More)
BACKGROUND The compatibility and outcrossing rates between transgenic rice and weedy rice biotypes have been studied in some previous cases. However, few studies have addressed the reasons for these differences. The present study compared the compatibility and outcrossing rates between transgenic rice and selected weedy rice biotypes using manual and(More)
We examined the vulnerability to excitotoxicity of rat oligodendrocytes in dissociated cell culture at different developmental stages. Mature oligodendrocytes that express myelin basic protein were resistant to excitotoxic injury produced by kainate, whereas earlier stages in the oligodendrocyte lineage were vulnerable to this insult. To test the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND A heavy infestation of weedy rice leading to no harvested rice has never been predicted in China due to a lack of knowledge about the weedy rice seed bank. We studied the seed-bank dynamics of weedy rice for three consecutive years and analyzed the relationship between seed-bank density and population density in order to predict future weedy rice(More)
Weedy rice has been becoming a notorious weed in the paddy field of China in recent decades due to its increasing damage to rice yield and rice quality. In this study, a microsatellite technique with 21 pairs of SSR markers was utilized to estimate the genetic structure of two biotypes of weedy rice with Japonica and Indica rice characteristics, collected(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is hampered by poor water solubility and skin phototoxicity of photosensitizers (PSs). Incorporation of PSs into nanocarrier (Nano-PDT) has been designed to overcome these problems. However, self-quenching of PSs highly condensed in Nano-PDT significantly reduced singlet oxygen (1O2) generation, resulting in unsatisfactory PDT(More)
Weedy rice infests paddy fields worldwide at an alarmingly increasing rate. There is substantial evidence indicating that many weedy rice forms originated from or are closely related to cultivated rice. There is suspicion that the outbreak of weedy rice in China may be related to widely grown hybrid rice due to its heterosis and the diversity of its(More)
Bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) belong to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Despite extensive studies, the precise mechanisms of GPCR activation are still poorly understood. In this study, the models of the human bitter taste receptor hTAS2R1 alone and in complex with various ligands were constructed on the basis of template-based modeling and molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Competition from weedy rice can cause serious yield losses to cultivated rice. However, key traits that facilitate competitiveness are still not well understood. To explore the mechanisms behind the strong growth and competitive ability, replacement series experiments were established with six genotypes of weedy rice from different regions and(More)