Learn More
Periventricular leukomalacia is a form of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral white matter injury seen most commonly in premature infants and is the major antecedent of cerebral palsy. Glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxicity is a predominant mechanism of hypoxic-ischemic injury to developing cerebral white matter. We have demonstrated previously the protective(More)
Hypoxia is the most common cause of perinatal seizures and can be refractory to conventional anticonvulsant drugs, suggesting an age-specific form of epileptogenesis. A model of hypoxia-induced seizures in immature rats reveals that seizures result in immediate activation of the phosphatase calcineurin (CaN) in area CA1 of hippocampus. After seizures, CA1(More)
We examined the vulnerability to excitotoxicity of rat oligodendrocytes in dissociated cell culture at different developmental stages. Mature oligodendrocytes that express myelin basic protein were resistant to excitotoxic injury produced by kainate, whereas earlier stages in the oligodendrocyte lineage were vulnerable to this insult. To test the hypothesis(More)
Bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) belong to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Despite extensive studies, the precise mechanisms of GPCR activation are still poorly understood. In this study, the models of the human bitter taste receptor hTAS2R1 alone and in complex with various ligands were constructed on the basis of template-based modeling and molecular(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the combination of light and photosensitizer (PS) to kill tumor cells, which has the potential to meet many currently unmet medical needs. However, the whole body distribution and activatability by sunlight of photosensitizers to induce skin photosensitivity have limited the extensive clinic application of PDT. Herein, a novel(More)
Nuclear accidents and terrorism present a serious threat for mass casualty. Accidental or intended radiation exposure leads to radiation-induced gastrointestinal (GI) syndrome. However, currently there are no approved medical countermeasures for GI syndrome. Thus, developing novel treatments for GI syndrome is urgent. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is hampered by poor water solubility and skin phototoxicity of photosensitizers (PSs). Incorporation of PSs into nanocarrier (Nano-PDT) has been designed to overcome these problems. However, self-quenching of PSs highly condensed in Nano-PDT significantly reduced singlet oxygen (1O2) generation, resulting in unsatisfactory PDT(More)
  • 1