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BACKGROUND S1PL is an aldehyde-lyase that irreversibly cleaves sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) in the terminal step of sphingolipid catabolism. Because S1P modulates a wide range of physiological processes, its concentration must be tightly regulated within both intracellular and extracellular environments. METHODOLOGY In order to better understand the(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter with both central and peripheral functions, including the modulation of mood, appetite, hemodynamics, gastrointestinal (GI) sensation, secretion, and motility. Its synthesis is initiated by the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH). Two isoforms of TPH have been discovered: TPH1, primarily expressed(More)
The ribonuclease III superfamily represents a structurally distinct group of double-strand-specific endonucleases with essential roles in RNA maturation, RNA decay, and gene silencing. Bacterial RNase III orthologs exhibit the simplest structures, with an N-terminal nuclease domain and a C-terminal double-stranded RNA-binding domain (dsRBD), and are active(More)
During nearly a decade of research dedicated to the study of sphingosine signaling pathways, we identified sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase (S1PL) as a drug target for the treatment of autoimmune disorders. S1PL catalyzes the irreversible decomposition of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) by a retro-aldol fragmentation that yields hexadecanaldehyde and(More)
Escherichia coli ribonuclease III (RNase III; EC 3.1.24) is a double-stranded(ds)-RNA-specific endonuclease with key roles in diverse RNA maturation and decay pathways. E.coli RNase III is a member of a structurally distinct superfamily that includes Dicer, a central enzyme in the mechanism of RNA interference. E.coli RNase III requires a divalent metal ion(More)
The human proton coupled folate transporter (PCFT) is involved in low pH-dependent intestinal folate transport. In this report, we describe a new murine model of the hereditary folate malabsorption syndrome that we developed through targeted disruption of the first 3 coding exons of the murine homolog of the PCFT gene. By 4 weeks of age, PCFT-deficient(More)
The discovery of a novel class of peripheral tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) inhibitors is described. This class of TPH inhibitors exhibits excellent potency in in vitro biochemical and cell-based assays, and it selectively reduces serotonin levels in the murine intestine after oral administration without affecting levels in the brain. These TPH1 inhibitors(More)
Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of serotonin. As a neurotransmitter, serotonin plays important physiological roles both peripherally and centrally. Here we describe the discovery of substituted triazines as a novel class of tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitors. This class of TPH inhibitors can selectively reduce serotonin levels(More)
A fragment-based drug design paradigm has been successfully applied in the discovery of lead series of ketohexokinase inhibitors. The paradigm consists of three iterations of design, synthesis, and X-ray crystallographic screening to progress low molecular weight fragments to leadlike compounds. Applying electron density of fragments within the protein(More)
A series of indazoles have been discovered as KHK inhibitors from a pyrazole hit identified through fragment-based drug discovery (FBDD). The optimization process guided by both X-ray crystallography and solution activity resulted in lead-like compounds with good pharmaceutical properties.
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