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The receptor-interacting serine-threonine kinase 3 (RIP3) is a key signaling molecule in the programmed necrosis (necroptosis) pathway. This pathway plays important roles in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions, including development, tissue damage response, and antiviral immunity. Here, we report the identification of a small molecule(More)
In this study, we explored the molecular basis determining the virulence of H5N1 avian influenza viruses in mammalian hosts by comparing two viruses, A/Duck/Guangxi/12/03 (DK/12) and A/Duck/Guangxi/27/03 (DK/27), which are genetically similar but differ in their pathogenicities in mice. To assess the genetic basis for this difference in virulence, we used(More)
BACKGROUND The dysregulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes plays an important role in many cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is one of the most common cancers in the world. In a previous microarray experiment, we found that DLGAP5 is overexpressed in HCCs. However, whether the up-regulation of DLGAP5 contributes to(More)
The use of chemoprotective agents to minimize the side effects of the chemotherapy, primarily via activation of the Nrf2 pathway, is an emerging research field, which has attracted broad attention from both academia and pharmaceutical industry. Through high-throughput chemical screens we have disclosed that pterisolic acid B (J19), a naturally occuring(More)
The identification of potential oncogenes plays an important role in finding novel therapeutic targets for many cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is one of the most common cancers worldwide. In our previous research, using microarray technology, we found that FAM83D was overexpressed in HCCs. However, whether the overexpression of(More)
Differences in 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, 5hmC, distributions may complicate previous observations of abnormal cytosine methylation statuses that are used for the identification of new tumor suppressor gene candidates that are relevant to human hepatocarcinogenesis. The simultaneous detection of 5-methylcytosine and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine is likely to(More)
Steroid hormones play significant roles in both worms and mammalians. (25S)-Δ(7)-Dafachronic acid (Δ(7)-DA, 1) is a member of the dafachronic acid hormonal series that regulates both development and lifespan of C. elegans. Despite its importance, effective tools for the illumination of its mode of action are lacking. Herein, we report an efficient synthesis(More)
The steroid hormone dafachronic acid (DA) regulates dauer formation and lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans by binding to the nuclear receptor DAF-12. However, little is known about how DA concentrations change under various physiologic conditions and about how DA/DAF-12 signaling interacts with other signaling pathways that also regulate dauer formation and(More)
PURPOSE The facial nerve remains at risk of injury with the preauricular approach; thus, preservation of the functional integrity of the facial nerve is considered an important factor in the success of temporomandibular joint surgery. The aim of this study was to prevent facial nerve injury using the supratemporalis approach in the treatment of(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the high-incidence malignant tumors with very poor prognosis. Identification of potential oncogenes is critical to discovering novel therapeutic targets for many cancers, including HCC. In our previous studies, using microarray technology, we conformed that CENP-K was overexpressed in HCCs. However, whether the(More)