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The cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin, a potent chemotherapeutic agent, have been linked to DNA damage, oxidative mitochondrial damage, and nuclear translocation of p53, but the exact molecular mechanisms causing p53 transactivation and doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy are not clear. The present study was carried out to determine whether extracellular(More)
Dilated human cardiomyopathy is associated with suppression of the prosurvival phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and STAT3 pathways. The present study was carried out to determine if restoration of the PI3K/Akt and STAT3 activity by darbepoetin alfa improved cardiac function or reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in rabbit autoimmune cardiomyopathy(More)
Auto-antibodies against the beta(1)-adrenoceptors are present in 30-40% of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Recently, a synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence of the second extracellular loop of the human beta(1)-adrenoceptor (beta(1)-EC(II)) has been shown to produce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, myocyte apoptosis and cardiomyopathy in(More)
Evidence suggests that the autoimmune cardiomyopathy produced by a peptide corresponding to the sequence of the second extracellular loop of the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (beta(1)-EC(II)) is mediated via a biologically active anti-beta(1)-EC(II) antibody, but the mechanism linking the antibody to myocyte apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction has not been well(More)
Na(V)1.5 is a cardiac voltage-gated Na(+) channel αsubunit and is encoded by the SCN5a gene. The activity of this channel determines cardiac depolarization and electrical conduction. Channel defects, including mutations and decrease of channel protein levels, have been linked to the development of cardiac arrhythmias. The molecular mechanisms underlying the(More)
The present study was carried out to determine whether beneficial effects of carvedilol in congestive heart failure (CHF) are mediated via its beta-adrenergic blocking, antioxidant, and/or alpha-adrenergic blocking action. Rabbits with heart failure induced by rapid cardiac pacing were randomized to receive subcutaneous carvedilol, metoprolol, propranolol(More)
We have shown recently that selegiline exerts a cardiac neuroprotective effect in chronic heart failure. Since selegiline has an antioxidant antiapoptotic effect, we proposed to determine whether selegiline attenuates cardiac oxidative stress and myocyte apoptosis in chronic heart failure by modulating Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression, and whether the(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) unfolded protein response and reduces maturation and translocation of NE transporter to cell membrane via enhanced formation of reactive oxygen species in PC-12 cells. In the present study, we investigated whether ER stress is also implicated in the proapoptotic effect of NE. We found that the apoptotic(More)
An anti-beta(1)-adrenergic receptor antibody against the second extracellular receptor loop (beta(1)-EC(II)) has been shown to cause myocyte apoptosis and dilated cardiomyopathy in animals. We report in this review that the anti-beta(1)-EC(II) antibody increases intracellular Ca(++) transients and exerts a direct apoptotic effect in cultured neonatal rat(More)
Cardiac norepinephrine (NE) uptake is reduced in cardiomyopathy. This change is associated with a decrease of NE transporter (NET) receptor and can be reproduced in PC12 cells by extracellular NE. To study whether this effect of NE is mediated via impaired glycosylation and trafficking of NET in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), we measured the distribution(More)