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86: 623–645. Biplot analysis has evolved into an important statistical tool in plant breeding and agricultural research. Here we review the basic principles of biplot analysis and recent developments in its application in analyzing multi-environment trail (MET) data, with the aim of providing a working guide for breeders, agronomists, and other agricultural(More)
How many test locations and replications are needed in crop variety trials is a question every plant breeder has to ask. Simple formulas were developed to estimate the optimum number of replicates and test locations. The optimum number of replicates in a trial was estimated by the formula $$ {\text{N}}_{{\text{r}}} {\text{ = 3}}\left( {\sigma _{\epsilon(More)
A physically anchored consensus map is foundational to modern genomics research; however, construction of such a map in oat (Avena sativa L., 2n = 6x = 42) has been hindered by the size and complexity of the genome, the scarcity of robust molecular markers, and the lack of aneuploid stocks. Resources developed in this study include a modified SNP discovery(More)
Six hundred thirty five oat ( L.) lines and 4561 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci were used to evaluate population structure, linkage disequilibrium (LD), and genotype-phenotype association with heading date. The first five principal components (PCs) accounted for 25.3% of genetic variation. Neither the eigenvalues of the first 25 PCs nor the(More)
The use of genotype main effect (G) plus genotype by environment (GE) interaction (G+GE) biplot analysis by plant breeders and other agricultural researchers has increased dramatically during the past 5 yr for analyzing multi-environment trial (MET) data. Recently, however, its legitimacy was questioned by a proponent of Additive Main Effect and(More)
BACKGROUND The hypothesis that positive and negative interactions account for adaptive strategies was tested in a controlled study with two oat (Avena sativa) genotypes: 'Manotick' with erect leaves and 'Oa1316-1' with prostrate leaves. An increasing competition pattern was designed by varying the number of seeds planted in each container and the space(More)
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