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Our deteriorating civil infrastructure faces the critical challenge of long-term structural health monitoring for damage detection and localization. In contrast to existing research that often separates the designs of wireless sensor networks and structural engineering algorithms, this paper proposes a cyber-physical co-design approach to structural health(More)
The Monte Carlo simulation code CEARPPU has been improved to obtain better accuracy for predicting pulse-height spectra measured at high counting rates. Experimental verification was carried out by measuring an Fe-55 spectrum with a Si(Li) X-ray spectrometer. Based on the spectrum measured at low counting rate, which is considered to be the " true "(More)
Literature searches of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, LILACS, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data databases were performed from 1966 to September 2014. Only randomized and quasi-randomized controlled clinical trials comparing operative and nonoperative treatments for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures were(More)
An integrated Monte Carlo-Library Least-Squares (MCLLS) System has been developed and implemented to model the complete spectral response of energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometers and perform an inverse elemental analysis by an iterated Library Least-Squares method when an initial guess is provided. This software is a visualization(More)
The EDXRF inverse problem is solved by first correcting (if necessary) the sample pulse-height spectrum for pulse pileup with the Monte Carlo code CEARPPU. Then the Monte Carlo-Library Least-Squares (MCLLS) approach is used. This approach consists of using a forward Monte Carlo code (CEARXRF) that is capable of simulating the complete non-linear(More)
The Monte Carlo – Library Least-Squares (MCLLS) approach has now been developed, implemented, and tested for solving the inverse problem of EDXRF sample analysis. It consists of a linear library least-squares (LLS) code and a comprehensive Monte Carlo code named CEARXRF that is capable of calculating the unknown sample spectrum, all the elemental library(More)
In recent decades, there has been a growing trend to the operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Open reduction and internal plate fixation, and intramedullary nailing fixation are 2 of the widely used techniques for operative treatment, but the optimal fixation method for these types of fractures remains a topic of debate. The(More)
There is a wide variation in sensitivity to lead (Pb) exposure, which may be due to genetic susceptibility towards Pb. We investigated whether a polymorphism (rs1800435) in the δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) gene affected the toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics of Pb. Among 461 Chinese Pb-exposed storage battery and 175 unexposed workers, allele(More)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consist of tens or hundreds of small, inexpensive computers equipped with sensors and wireless communication capabilities. Because WSNs can be deployed without fixed infrastructure, they promise to enable sensing applications in environments where installing such infrastructure is not feasible. However, the lack of fixed(More)