Weijun Guan

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Previous studies reported that astrocyte response to amyloid-β (Aβ) before obvious neuronal damage could be detected in Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is suggested that astrocytes play a key role in AD pathologies. In this study, we investigated the effects of Aβ(42) oligomer on the proliferation and activation of astrocytes by in vitro experiments. The(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), with their capacity for self-renewal and differentiation into various cell types, are important seed cells for stem cell therapy. MSCs exhibit potent pathotropic migratory properties that make them attractive for use in tumor prevention and therapy. However, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms that link(More)
Dermis-derived mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (DMS/PCs) were isolated from the skin tissue of 16-day-old chick embryos and then characterized by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR. We found that primary DMS/PCs could be expanded for 15 passages. Expression of β -integrin, CD44, CD71, and CD73 was observed by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR. Passage 3 DMS/PCs(More)
The Tibetan cashmere goat (Capra hircus), one of the most ancient breeds in China, has historically been a critical source of meat and cashmere production for local farmers. To adapt to the high-altitude area, extremely harsh climate, and hypoxic environment that the Tibetan cashmere goat lives in, this goat has developed distinct phenotypic traits compared(More)
The use of amnion and amniotic fluid (AF) are abundant sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that can be harvested at low cost and do not pose ethical conflicts. In human and veterinary research, stem cells derived from these tissues are promising candidates for disease treatment, specifically for their plasticity, their reduced immunogenicity, and high(More)
The bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are multipotent stem cells, which can differentiate in vitro into many cell types. However, the vast majority of experimental materials were obtained from human, mouse, rabbit and other mammals, but rarely in poultry. So, in this study, Thirty- to sixty-day old chicken was chosen as experimental animal, to(More)
High altitude environments are of particular interest in the studies of local adaptation as well as their implications in physiology and clinical medicine in human. Some Chinese pig breeds, such as Tibetan pig (TBP) that is well adapted to the high altitude and Dahe pig (DHP) that dwells at the moderate altitude, provide ideal materials to study local(More)
An antibacterial substance from Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis) is known to have an inhibitory effect on putative periodontal pathogens, but its inhibitory effect on pathogens of oral candidiasis is unknown. In this study, intracellular and exocrine proteins were extracted from S. sanguinis. The antagonistic effect of the protein extracts on(More)
Reversine, a purine analog, had been evidenced that it could induce dedifferentiation of differentiated cells into multipotent progenitor cells. Here, we showed that reversine could increase the plasticity of long-term cryopreserved bovine fibroblasts, and reversine-treated cells achieved the ability to differentiate into all three germ layers cells, such(More)
Mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells derived from Wharton’s jelly of the umbilical cord (UCMSCs/UCMPCs) are multipotent, and can be differentiated in vitro into many cell types. Much work has been done on UCMSCs/UCMPCs from humans, mice, rabbits, and other mammals, but the relatively little literature has been published about these cells in chickens. In our(More)