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Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are found to be accompanied with innate immunity dysregulation including abnormally macrophage activation. But the functional polarization of the activated macrophages and its underlying molecular mechanism during the pathogenesis of SLE remains unknown. As an important local cellular interaction mechanism(More)
Macrophage differentiation and polarization is influenced by, and act on, many processes associated with autoimmunity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying macrophage polarization in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remain largely debated. We previously demonstrated that macrophage M2b polarization conferred by activated lymphocyte-derived(More)
The CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) exerts a variety of functions at different steps of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. The molecular mechanisms and therapeutic value of CXCR4 in the development of HCC remain undefined. Here we show that aberrant CXCR4 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis and aggressive characteristics of HCC.(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage M2b polarization conferred by self-DNA immunization initiates and propagates lupus nephritis. RESULTS Knockdown of DNA-dependent activator of interferon-regulatory factors (DAI) ameliorates SLE syndrome via blunting macrophage M2b polarization. CONCLUSION DAI functions as a DNA sensor in self-DNA-induced macrophage M2b polarization(More)
We previously established a systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) animal model in non-susceptible BALB/c mice by immunizing with activated syngeneic lymphocyte-derived DNA (ALD-DNA), manifested by high level of anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibodies (Abs), proteinuria, glomerular deposition of immune complex and glomerulonephritis. The production of(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous study revealed that administration of syngeneic female BALB/c mice with excessive self activated lymphocyte-derived DNA (ALD-DNA) could induce systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease, indicating that overload of self-DNA might exceed normal clearance ability and comprise the major source of autoantigens in lupus mice. Serum(More)
Elevated expression and activity of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (Mgat5) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common early event involved in tumor invasion during hepatocarcinogenesis. A better understanding of the functional role and the molecular mechanism for Mgat5-targeted protein and downstream signaling pathway behind hepatoma invasion and(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase protein with an ability to bind to nuclear antigen, has been reported to regulate cytokine secretion and modulate immune responses. We previously reported that activated syngeneic lymphocyte-derived apoptotic DNA (apopDNA) could induce macrophage activation and contribute to the initiation and progression of lupus(More)
This study aims to evaluate the impact of colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) expression on recurrence and survival of patients with clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) following surgery. We retrospectively enrolled 267 patients (195 in the training cohort and 72 in the validation cohort) with ccRCC undergoing nephrectomy at a single institution.(More)
Galectin-9 (Gal-9), a member of animal lectin family with evolutionary conserved carbohydrate recognition domains, has been reported to exert a large variety of functional roles in tumorigenesis due to its β-galactoside-binding affinity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression and prognostic significance of Gal-9 in patients with clear-cell(More)