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OBJECTIVE Advanced glycoxidation end products (AGEs), the derivatives of glucose-protein or glucose-lipid interactions, are implicated in the complications of diabetes and aging. The objective of this article was to determine the AGE content of commonly consumed foods and to evaluate the effects of various methods of food preparation on AGE production. (More)
Diet is a major environmental source of proinflammatory AGEs (heat-generated advanced glycation end products); its impact in humans remains unclear. We explored the effects of two equivalent diets, one regular (high AGE, H-AGE) and the other with 5-fold lower AGE (L-AGE) content on inflammatory mediators of 24 diabetic subjects: 11 in a 2-week crossover and(More)
Modern diets are largely heat-processed and as a result contain high levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs) are known to contribute to increased oxidant stress and inflammation, which are linked to the recent epidemics of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This report significantly expands the(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), known promoters of diabetic complications, form abundantly in heated foods and are ingested in bioreactive forms. To test whether dietary AGEs play a role in the progression of insulin resistance, C57/BL/KsJ db/db mice were randomly placed for 20 weeks on a diet with either a low AGE content (LAD) or a 3.4-fold higher(More)
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) contribute to kidney disease due to diabetes or aging by means of mesangial cell (MC) receptors, such as the receptor for AGE (RAGE), which promote oxidant-stress-dependent NF-kappaB activation and inflammatory gene expression. MC also express scavenger receptors SR-I and SR-II and AGE receptors 1, 2, and 3 (AGE-R1, -R2,(More)
BACKGROUND LDL modification by endogenous advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is thought to contribute to cardiovascular disease of diabetes. It remains unclear, however, whether exogenous (diet-derived) AGEs influence glycoxidation and endothelial cell toxicity of diabetic LDL. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-four diabetic subjects were randomized to(More)
Advanced glycation end product receptors (AGERs) play distinct functional roles in both the toxicity and disposal of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), substances that are linked to diabetes and aging. Overexpression of AGER1 in murine mesangial cells (MCs) (MC-R1) inhibited AGE-induced MAPK1,2 phosphorylation and NF-kappaB activity and also increased(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a heterogeneous group of compounds that form continuously in the body. Their rate of endogenous formation is markedly increased in diabetes mellitus, a condition in which AGEs play a major pathological role. It is also known, however, that AGEs form during the cooking of foods, primarily as the result of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased oxidative stress (OS) and impaired anti-OS defenses are important in the development and persistence of insulin resistance (IR). Several anti-inflammatory and cell-protective mechanisms, including advanced glycation end product (AGE) receptor-1 (AGER1) and sirtuin (silent mating-type information regulation 2 homolog) 1 (SIRT1) are(More)
CONTEXT Increased oxidant stress and inflammation (OS/infl) are linked to both aging-related diseases and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Whereas AGE receptor-1 (AGER1) reduces OS/infl in animals, this has not been assessed in normal humans. OBJECTIVE The objectives of the study were to determine whether AGER1 correlates with AGEs and OS/infl and(More)