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P2P-Video-on-Demand (P2P-VoD) is a popular Internet service which aims to provide a scalable and high-quality service to users. At the same time, content providers of P2P-VoD services also need to make sure that the service is operated with a manageable operating cost. Given the volume-based charging model by ISPs, P2P-VoD content providers would like to(More)
The central importance of BMP signaling in the development and homeostasis of synovial joint of appendicular skeleton has been well documented, but its role in the development of temporomandibular joint (TMJ), also classified as a synovial joint, remains completely unknown. In this study, we investigated the function of BMPRIA mediated signaling in TMJ(More)
With the advances of bandwidth-intensive mobile devices, we see severe congestion problems in wireless data networks. Recently, research emerges to solve this problem from a pricing point of view. Time dependent pricing has been introduced, and initial investigations have shown its advantages over the conventional time independent pricing. Nevertheless,(More)
Poly(C)-binding proteins (PCBPs), also known as RNA-binding proteins, interact in a sequence-specific fashion with single-stranded poly(C). It was reported that PCBP2 contributed to gastric cancer proliferation and survival through miR-34a, and knockdown of PCBP2 inhibited glioma proliferation through inhibition of cell cycle progression. In addition, PCBP2(More)
In recent years, we have witnessed a growing trend for online service companies to offer “bundling sales” to increase revenue. Bundling sale means that a company groups a set of its products/services and charges this bundle at a fixed price, which is usually less than the total price of individual items. In this paper, our goal is to(More)
Dixdc1 (DIX domain containing-1), the mammalian homolog of Ccd1 (Coiled-coil-Dishevelled-Axin1), is a protein containing a coiled-coil domain and a Dishevelled-Axin (DIX) domain. As a novel component of the Wnt pathway, Dixdc1 has been reported to be able to promote neural progenitor proliferation and neuronal differentiation via Wnt/β-catenin signaling.(More)
Nur77, together with Nurr1 and NOR-1, constitutes the NR4A subgroup of orphan nuclear receptors and plays critical roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Among them, Nur77 is universally well known to contribute to neurite outgrowth. However, information regarding its regulation and possible function in the peripheral(More)
Peer-to-peer (P2P) systems rely on peers' cooperation to provide a more robust and scalable service as compared to the traditional client-server architecture. However, the peers might be selfish in nature-they would like to receive services from others, but would not like to contribute their own resources by default. To conquer this problem, proper(More)
Keywords: P2P-VoD Incentive Mean-field Stackelberg game a b s t r a c t Free riding has long been a serious problem in peer-to-peer (P2P) systems due to the selfish behavior of individual users. To conquer this problem, a key design issue of the P2P systems is to appropriately incentivize users to contribute resources. In P2P Video-on-Demand (VoD)(More)
—Peer-to-peer (P2P) systems consist of selfish peers which would like to receive services from others but would not like to contribute their own resources by default. To conquer this problem, proper incentive schemes are needed so as to stimulate the peers' contributions. This issue is particularly important for P2P Video-on-Demand (VoD) services. Content(More)