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Aplastic anaemia in adults is usually acquired, but rarely constitutional types of bone marrow failure can occur late in life. We assessed two families with onset of pancytopenia in adults and detected two novel point mutations in the telomerase RNA gene (TERC) in each family. This gene is abnormal in some kindreds with dyskeratosis congenita. Individuals(More)
Hematopoietic effects of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) may be responsible for certain aspects of the pathology seen in bone marrow failure syndromes, including aplastic anemia (AA), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and some forms of myelodysplasia (MDS). Overexpression of and hematopoietic inhibition by IFN-gamma has been observed in all of these(More)
BACKGROUND Aplastic anaemia is a bone-marrow-failure syndrome characterised by low blood-cell counts and fatty bone marrow. In most cases, no obvious aetiological factor can be identified. However, clinical responses to immunosuppression strongly suggest an immune pathophysiology. METHODS To test the hypothesis that aplastic anaemia results from(More)
Aplastic anemia (AA) remains an elusive disease. Its pathophysiology is not only fascinating by the seemingly simple findings of cytopenia and marrow hypoplasia, but may also contain key information to the understanding of other fundamental processes such as stem cell regeneration, evolution, and immune control of clonal diseases. Although measurements of(More)
We have hypothesized that in aplastic anemia (AA) the presence of antigen-specific T cells is reflected by their contribution to the expansion of a particular variable beta chain (V beta) subfamily and also by clonal CDR3 skewing. To determine the role of disease-specific "signature" T-cell clones in AA, we studied preferential V beta usage by flow(More)
Aneuploidy, especially monosomy 7 and trisomy 8, is a frequent cytogenetic abnormality in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs). Patients with monosomy 7 and trisomy 8 have distinctly different clinical courses, responses to therapy, and survival probabilities. To determine disease-specific molecular characteristics, we analyzed the gene expression pattern(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune-mediated destruction of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells is pathophysiologic in most cases of aplastic anemia (AA). We have successfully determined the gene expression profile of the marrow CD34+ target cells in AA. T cells producing IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha have been implicated in hematopoietic destruction in AA. We sought to(More)
We studied the degree and the pattern of skewing of the variable region of beta-chain (VB) T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in aplastic anemia (AA) at initial presentation and after immunosuppression using a high-resolution analysis of the TCR VB complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3). Age-matched healthy individuals and multitransfused patients with(More)
An immune pathophysiology for acquired aplastic anemia (AA) has been inferred from the responsiveness of the patients to immunosuppressive therapies and experimental laboratory data. To address the transcriptome of hematopoietic cells in AA, we undertook GeneChip analysis of the extremely limited numbers of progenitor and stem cells in the marrow of(More)
T cell-mediated suppression of haematopoiesis is believed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of aplastic anaemia (AA) and in the pancytopenia of some myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Natural-killer T (NKT) cells belong to a unique lymphocyte subset that expresses an invariant T-cell receptor (TCR), consisting of Valpha24JalphaQ, and common NK(More)