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BACKGROUND The orphan G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 39 was originally identified as the receptor of obestatin. In this study, the effects and mechanisms of GPR39 on cell proliferation and differentiation were investigated in cultured porcine intramuscular preadipocytes. METHODS Morphology of preadipocytes and accumulated lipid droplets within cells(More)
Danofloxacin (DAN) is one of the Fluoroquinolone drugs (FQs) that has been widely used in the control and prevention of bacterial infectious disease in animal production. Most of the FQs have an obvious protective effect against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced Immune stress. However, the effect of DAN on the host immune system of animals remains unknown.(More)
Salmonella infects many vertebrate species, and pigs colonized with Salmonella are typically Salmonella carriers. Transcriptomic analysis of the response to Salmonella infection in whole blood has been reported for the pig. The objective of this study is to identify the important miRNAs involved in Salmonella infection using binding site enrichment(More)
miRNAs are non-coding RNA molecules typically 18-22 nucleotides long that can suppress the expression of their target genes. Several laboratories have attempted to identify miRNAs from the pig that are involved in Salmonella infection. These bioinformatics strategies using the newly available genomic sequence are generally successful. Here, we report an in(More)
The tripartite motifs (TRIMs) constitute a large family of proteins containing a Really Interesting New Gene (RING) domain, a B-box domain and coiled-coil region followed by different C-terminal domains. TRIM proteins play multiple roles in various cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and antiviral immunity. Fish novel large(More)
In mammals, interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) plays an important role in the process of development and differentiation of B cells, T cells and dendritic cells. It can regulate immune pathway through IRF5, MyD88, IL21, PGC1α, and NOD2. In the present study, we investigated the expression pattern of IRF4 paralogues and these related genes for the first(More)
Tripartite motif (TRIM) proteins are receiving increased research interest because of their roles in a wide range of cellular biological processes in innate immunity. In zebrafish (Danio rerio), the functions of the finTRIM (ftr) family are unclear. In the present study, we investigated the expression pattern of ftr12, ftr51, ftr67, ftr82, ftr83, and ftr84(More)
In mammals, type I interferons (IFNs) are primarily regulated by transcription factors of the IFN regulatory (IRF) family. Interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF-5) plays pivotal roles in antiviral and inflammatory responses. In the present study, we found that zebrafish (Danio rerio) IRF5 is a key player in the regulation of the expression of type I IFN and(More)
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