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PURPOSE The goal of this study was to compare language lateralization between pediatric epilepsy patients and healthy children. METHODS Two groups of subjects were evaluated with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) by using a silent verb-generation task. The first group included 18 pediatric epilepsy patients, whereas the control group consisted(More)
Previous volumetric developmental MRI studies of the brain have shown white matter development continuing through adolescence and into adulthood. This review presents current findings regarding white matter development and organization from diffusion MRI studies. The general trend during adolescence (age 12-18 years) is towards increasing fractional(More)
The "dual mode" theory for the control of disparity vergence eye movements states that two control components, a preprogrammed "transient" component and a feedback-controlled "sustained" component, mediate the motor response. Although prior experimental work has isolated and studied the transient component, little is known of the sustained component's(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE This study examined long-term alterations in white matter microstructure following TBI in adolescence using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). It was hypothesized that white matter integrity would be compromised in adolescents with TBI and would correlate with measures of executive functioning and cognitive abilities. RESEARCH DESIGN This(More)
OBJECTIVE Examine relationships of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) fractional anisotropy (FA) to executive function (EF) and attention measures following early childhood (3-7 years) traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Exploratory correlation and comparison study. SETTING Children's hospital outpatient facilities. PARTICIPANTS 9 children with a history(More)
Changes in the distribution of language function in the brain have been documented from infancy through adulthood. Even macroscopic measures of language lateralization reflect a dynamic process of language development. In this review, we summarize a series of functional MRI studies of language skills in children ages of five to 18 years, both(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this work was to assess the long-term impact of childhood lead exposure on the neurosubstrate of language function and brain organization. METHODS Young adults from the Cincinnati Lead Study were recruited to undergo functional magnetic resonance image scanning while performing a verb generation task. These subjects have been(More)
Adolescence is a complex transitional period in human development, composing physical maturation, cognitive and social behavioral changes. The objective of this study is to investigate sex differences in white matter development and the associations between intelligence and white matter microstructure in the adolescent brain using diffusion tensor imaging(More)
PURPOSE Head motion during functional MRI scanning can lead to signal artifact, a problem often more severe with children. However, the documentation for the characteristics of head motion in children during various language functional tasks is very limited in the current literature. This report characterizes head motion in children during fMRI as a(More)
The present study examined whether functional MRI (fMRI) can identify changes in the neural substrates of language in young children following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Eight children with TBI (F/M=3/5, age (Mean +/- SD)=7.98 +/- 1 years, range = 6-9 years) and a comparison group of nine children with orthopedic injuries (OI) (F/M=4/5, age (Mean +/-(More)