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Replanted Calligonum caput-medusae saplings in the Tarim River watershed face short-term and frequent herbivory by goats, which can result in either growth inhibition or stimulation. The effects of herbivory on shrub saplings are unclear. We simulated herbivory with clipping to test two hypotheses. We hypothesized that (1) moderate herbivory may positively(More)
The endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR) is a type 1 transmembrane protein found primarily on endothelium that binds both protein C and activated protein C with similar affinity. EPCR augments the activation of protein C by the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex. To determine the physiological importance of EPCR, we generated EPCR-deficient mice by(More)
Differentiation of macrophages from myeloid progenitor cells depends on a discrete balance between cell growth, survival, and differentiation signals. Interleukin-3 (IL-3) supports the growth and survival of myeloid progenitor cells through the activation of Jak2 tyrosine kinase, and macrophage differentiation has been shown to be regulated by protein(More)
The potential of adult human adipose tissue stem cells (hASCs) to differentiate into hepatocytes has generated much excitement over the possible use of hASCs in therapeutic applications. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie the plasticity of hASCs toward hepatocytes will help to make this possibility a reality. Herein, we show that a(More)
Four UV filters, benzophenone-3 (BP-3), 4-methylbenzylidence camphor (4-MBC), ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate (EHMC), and octocrylene (OC), have been examined along the different units of a wastewater reclamation plant (WWRP) located in Tianjin, North China. The analytical procedure included solid-phase extraction and gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric(More)
Placental growth factor (PlGF) is involved in the angiopoiesis of the placental chorion and the maintenance of the placenta. Some additional roles of PlGF in other tissues have recently been described. Relatively little is known about PlGF expression in the CNS and the involvement of PlGF in cerebral ischemia injury. We examined the expression of PlGF in(More)
As emerging tick born rickettsial diseases caused by A. phagocytophilum and E. chaffeensis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis have become a serious threat to human and animal health throughout the world. In particular, in China, an unusual transmission of nosocomial cases of human granulocytic anaplasmosis occurred in Anhui Province in 2006 and more recent(More)
Neurons depend for survival on local neurotrophic factors which act in an autocrine/paracrine manner. However, the effect of paracrine signaling of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) under pathological conditions on neuron survival is not fully understood. In this study we cultured rat BMECs and cortical neurons. BMECs were cultured in(More)