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Salinity is one of the major environmental constraints limiting yield of crop plants in many semi-arid and arid regions around the world. To understand responses in soybean seedling to salt stress at proteomic level, the extracted proteins from seedling leaves of salt-sensitive genotype Jackson and salt-tolerant genotype Lee 68 under 150 mM NaCl stress for(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by glial cytoplasmic inclusions containing insoluble α-synuclein. Since Ca2+ plays an important role in cell degeneration, [Ca2+] i in α-synuclein-overexpressed human glioma cells was analyzed by Fura-2 fluorometry. Overexpression of α-synuclein increased the basal level(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10; OMIM #603516) is an autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia with variably associated extracerebellar signs.(1,2) SCA10 is caused by an expanded noncoding pentanucleotide repeat in ATXN10, which normally ranges from 9 to 32 repeats(3,4); pathogenic alleles have as many as 4,500 repeats.(4) To date, SCA10 has been found(More)
Fullerenes (C60) and metallofullerenes (Gd@C82) have similar chemical structure, but the bio-effects of both fullerene-based materials are distinct in vivo. Tracking organic carbon-based materials such as C60 and Gd@C82 is difficult in vivo due to the high content of carbon element in the living tissues themselves. In this study, the biodistribution and(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is the most common type of autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia caused by an expanded CAG repeat in the MJD1 gene. Intermediate CAG alleles have been previously described, and they tend to be associated with unusual manifestations of the nervous system. Here we describe a Chinese kindred with hereditary spinocerebellar(More)
Autophagy is an evolutionarily ancient pathway that has been shown to be important in the innate immune defense against several viruses. However, little is known about the regulatory role of autophagy in transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) replication. In this study, we found that TGEV infection increased the number of autophagosome-like double- and(More)
Soluble CD16 (sCD16) is closely correlated with chronic diseases in humans. Here, plasma sCD16 levels in pigs were increased by infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) but not with porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, porcine circovirus type 2 and pseudorabies virus. Of interest, PRRSV attached to blood neutrophils and reduced(More)
High temperature and humidity (HTH) stress during soybean seed development and maturity in the field easily leads seed to pre-harvest deterioration. However, how proteins and their involved pathways in developing soybean seed systematically cause deterioration is still not largely understood. To reveal it, we compared the proteome composition of developing(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited polyneuropathies often go undiagnosed. We investigated whole exome sequencing (WES) in utility to identify the genetic causes of diverse forms of inherited polyneuropathies without genetic diagnosis. METHODS WES was applied to 24 cases from 15 kindreds. These kindreds had earlier unsuccessful candidate gene testing and five probands(More)
UNLABELLED As a consequence of their effects on ectodomain shedding, members of the A disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) family have been implicated in the control of various cellular processes. Although ADAM family members are also involved in cancer, inflammation, and other pathologies, it is unclear whether they affect porcine reproductive and(More)