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Metarhizium spp. are being used as environmentally friendly alternatives to chemical insecticides, as model systems for studying insect-fungus interactions, and as a resource of genes for biotechnology. We present a comparative analysis of the genome sequences of the broad-spectrum insect pathogen Metarhizium anisopliae and the acridid-specific M. acridum.(More)
Beauveria bassiana is an economically important insect-pathogenic fungus which is widely used as a biocontrol agent to control a variety of insect pests. However, its insecticide efficacy in the field is often influenced by adverse environmental factors. Thus, understanding the genetic regulatory processes involved in the response to environmental stress(More)
Characterization of genes involved in germination, conidiogenesis and insect pathogenesis is an important step in identifying methods to increase the efficacy of Metarhizium anisopliae, a commercially important entomopathogenic fungus. Real-time RT-PCR is a sensitive, reproducible and quantitative method to study gene expression. However, it requires(More)
Entomopathogenic fungi can produce a series of chitinases, some of which act synergistically with proteases to degrade insect cuticle. However, chitinase involvement in insect fungus pathogenesis has not been fully characterized. In this paper, an endochitinase, Bbchit1, was purified to homogeneity from liquid cultures of Beauveria bassiana grown in a(More)
The low survival of microbial pest control agents exposed to UV is the major environmental factor limiting their effectiveness. Using gene disruption we demonstrated that the insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium robertsii uses photolyases to remove UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) and pyrimidine (6-4) photoproducts [(6-4)PPs] from its DNA.(More)
Beauveria bassiana is an insect pathogenic fungus widely used as a biocontrol agent to infect and control insect pests. The conidium initiates pathogenesis and mediates disease transmission, however, little is known about genetic elements that control conidiation. Here, the cloning and characterization of a regulatory G protein-signalling (RGS) gene Bbrgs1(More)
An antifungal protein designated as Psc-AFP, with an apparent molecular mass of 18kDa, was isolated from a traditional Chinese herb, malaytea scurfpea (Psoralea corylifolia L.). The isolation procedure entailed extraction, cation exchange chromatography on CM FF, gel filtration chromatography on Superdex 75 and reversed-phase high performance liquid(More)
Beauveria bassiana is an important entomopathogenic fungus widely used as a biological agent to control insect pests. A gene (B. bassiana JEN1 [BbJEN1]) homologous to JEN1 encoding a carboxylate transporter in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was identified in a B. bassiana transfer DNA (T-DNA) insertional mutant. Disruption of the gene decreased the carboxylate(More)
Metarhizium anisopliae is a model system for studying insect fungal pathogenesis. The role of cAMP signal transduction in virulence was studied by disrupting the class I PKA catalytic subunit gene (MaPKA1). The PKA mutant (DeltaMaPKA1) showed reduced growth and greatly reduced virulence. PKA was dispensable for differentiation of infection structures(More)
The symbiotic associations between rhizospheric fungi and plants have enormous environmental impact. Fungi are crucial to plant health as antagonists of pathogens and herbivores and facilitate the uptake of soil nutrients. However, little is known about the plant products obtained by fungi in exchange or how they are transported through the symbiotic(More)