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1. Intracellular recordings were made in pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rats from sixty-eight neurones located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), which responded with inhibition (latency, 33.6 +/- 9.3 ms) after stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve with short bursts of pulses. This inhibition was due to chloride- and voltage-dependent IPSPs. 2.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of functional and anatomical overlap between two major neuronal subpopulations in the rostral ventrolateral medulla: pre-sympathetic (sympathoexcitatory) neurons, and expiratory neurons of the Bötzinger complex. Extracellular recordings were made with dye-filled microelectrodes in pentobarbital(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of the TRPV1 receptor to jejunal afferent sensitivity in the murine intestine. Multiunit activity was recorded in vitro from mesenteric afferents supplying segments of mouse jejunum taken from wild-type (WT) and TRPV1 knockout (TRPV1(-/-)) animals. In WT preparations, ramp distension of the gut (up(More)
Understanding bladder afferent pathways may reveal novel targets for therapy of lower urinary tract disorders such as overactive bladder syndrome and cystitis. Several potential candidate molecules have been postulated as playing a significant role in bladder function. One such candidate is the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) ion channel.(More)
The present study has explored possible fast actions of corticosteroid hormones on activity of cardiovascular neurons of the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Experiments were conducted in 60 urethane-anesthetized, artificially ventilated adult rats. Extracellular recordings of unitary firings were made from the RVLM with multi- or single-barreled(More)
Loss of hand function and finger dexterity are main disabilities in the upper limb after stroke. An electromyography (EMG)-driven hand robot had been developed for post-stroke rehabilitation training. The effectiveness of the hand robot assisted whole upper limb training was investigated on persons with chronic stroke (n=10) in this work. All subjects(More)
Spontaneous activities of the reticulospinal neurons in the reticular formation of the rostroventral medulla, of the ear sympathetic nerve (ESNA) and of the renal sympathetic nerve (RSNA) were analyzed with regard to cardiac cycle- and respiration-related rhythm in the anesthetized, vagotomized and immobilized rabbits. A reticulospinal neuron that was(More)
AIM To study the roles of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in arterial baroreflex. METHODS Experiments were performed in 17 urethane-anaesthetized male Sprague-Dawly rats. Twenty-seven rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) neurons were electrophysiologically identified as putative presympathetic neurons. Responses of these neurons to baroreflex(More)
In this study, the anti-inflammatory properties of formoterol and ipratropium bromide, alone or in combination, were investigated in a rat model of acute pulmonary inflammation induced by cadmium inhalation. Airway resistance and inflammatory responses, including matrix metalloproteinease-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinease-9 (MMP-9) activities, were(More)
The objective of this study was to explore changes in hyaluronan levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a spinal cord compression model, to investigate whether hyaluronan tetrasaccharide was involved in this process, and to test the effects of hyaluronan tetrasaccharide on neuron and oligodendrocyte repair. We developed a chronic spinal cord compression(More)