Learn More
Exposure to zinc-laden particulate matter in ambient and occupational settings has been associated with proinflammatory responses in the lung. IL-8 is an important proinflammatory cytokine in the human lung and is induced in human airway epithelial cells exposed to zinc. In this study, we examined the cellular mechanisms responsible for Zn(2+)-induced IL-8(More)
Emerging evidences suggest TLR-mediated signaling is tightly regulated by a specific chain of intracellular protein-protein interactions, some of which are yet to be identified. Previously we utilized a dual-tagging quantitative proteomics approach to uncover MyD88 interactions in LPS-stimulated cells and described the function of Fliih, a leucine-rich(More)
The tumor suppressor PTEN is a putative negative regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. Exposure to Zn2+ ions induces Akt activation, suggesting that PTEN may be modulated in this process. Therefore, the effects of Zn2+ on PTEN were studied in human airway epithelial cells and rat lungs. Treatment with Zn2+ resulted in a significant(More)
Residual oil fly ash (ROFA) is a constituent of pollutant particles that can produce lung injury and activate protein tyrosine phosphorylation cascade. In this study, we determined whether or not protein tyrosine phosphorylation caused lung injury, and if so, identified critical tyrosinephosphorylated proteins that mediated the injury. ROFA was instilled(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to zinc oxide (ZnO) in environmental and occupational settings causes acute pulmonary responses through the induction of proinflammatory mediators such as interleukin-8 (IL-8). OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of ZnO nanoparticles on IL-8 expression and the underlying mechanisms in human bronchial epithelial cells. METHODS We(More)
Zn(2+) is a ubiquitous ambient air contaminant that is found as a constituent of airborne particulate matter (PM). Previous studies have associated Zn(2+) levels in PM with health effects in exposed populations and have shown proinflammatory properties of Zn(2+) exposure in vivo and in vitro. In the present study, we studied the mechanisms of epidermal(More)
Two water-solubleFusarium metabolites, fumonisin B1 (FB1) and moniliformin (MN) were compared for their cytotoxicity in a variety of chicken primary cell cultures. Cardiac and skeletal myocytes and hepatocytes derived from embryos, and splenocytes, macrophages, and chondrocytes derived from 3-to 4-week old chickens were cultured in media containing either(More)
Zinc is an essential micronutrient, but is proinflammatory when inhaled into the lung. While it is recognized that zinc exposure of airway epithelial cells activates the transcription factor NF-kappaB and increases the expression of inflammatory cytokines to mediate this response, the underlying mechanism of NF-kappaB activation remains to be characterized.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The Snail family of transcription factors controls epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process associated with tumorigenesis originated from epithelial cells. Snail1 is a member from Snail family and upregulation of Snail1 has been detected in gastric cancer (GC), suggesting a potential role of Snail1 in GC metastasis. We have(More)
The redox-inert transition metal Zn is a micronutrient that plays essential roles in protein structure, catalysis, and regulation of function. Inhalational exposure to ZnO or to soluble Zn salts in occupational and environmental settings leads to adverse health effects, the severity of which appears dependent on the flux of Zn(2+) presented to the airway(More)