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Several protocols have been proposed to defend against wormholes in ad hoc networks by adopting positioning devices, synchronized clocks, or directional antennas. In this paper, we propose a mechanism, MDS-VOW, to detect wormholes in a sensor network. MDS-VOW first reconstructs the layout of the sensors using multi-dimensional scaling. To compensate the(More)
Providing secure and efficient access to large scale outsourced data is an important component of cloud computing. In this paper, we propose a mechanism to solve this problem in owner-write-users-read applications. We propose to encrypt every data block with a different key so that flexible cryptography-based access control can be achieved. Through the(More)
— A mobile ad hoc network is a collection of wireless terminals that can be deployed rapidly. Its deficiencies include limited wireless bandwidth efficiency, low throughput, large delays, and weak security. Integrating it with a well-established cellular network can improve communication and security in ad hoc networks, as well as enrich the cellular(More)
— Vulnerabilities and the attacks on Ad Hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) protocol are investigated and studied via analysis and simulation. The attacks are classified by their target properties. The analysis shows that the on-demand route query enables the malicious host to conduct real time attacks on AODV. False distance vector and false destination(More)
In ad hoc networks, malicious nodes can carry wormhole attacks to fabricate a false scenario on neighbor relations among mobile nodes. The attacks threaten the safety of ad hoc routing protocols and some security enhancements. We propose a classification of the attacks according to the format of the wormholes. It establishes a basis on which the detection(More)
We investigate the performance issues of destination-sequenced distance vector (DSDV) and ad-hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks. Four performance metrics are measured by varying the maximum speed of mobile hosts, the number of connections, and the network size. The correlation between network topology change(More)
Group communication has become an important component in wireless networks. In this paper, we focus on the environments in which multiple groups coexist in the system, and both intra and inter-group multicast traffic must be protected by secret keys. We propose a mechanism that integrates polynomials with stateless secret updates to achieve personal key(More)
The proproliferative transcription factor KLF5 plays an important role in promoting cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. KLF5 is a short-lived protein that can be rapidly degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in cancer cells. However, the mechanisms regulating protein stability remain poorly understood. In this study, the tumor suppressor Fbw7,(More)
Primary user emulation (PUE) attacks on cognitive radio networks pose a serious threat to the deployment of this technique. Previous approaches usually depend on individual or combined received signal strength (RSS) measurements to detect emulators. In this paper, we propose a new mechanism based on physical layer network coding to detect the emulators.(More)
Under-Water Sensor Networking (UWSN) is a novel network paradigm that is being proposed to explore, monitor and protect the oceans. The unique characteristics of the aquatic environment, namely huge propagation delay, absence of GPS signaling, floating node mobility, and limited (acoustic) link capacity, are very different from those of ground sensor(More)