Weichao G Chen

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5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(2C) receptor agonists hold promise for the treatment of obesity. In this study, we describe the in vitro and in vivo characteristics of lorcaserin [(1R)-8-chloro-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1-methyl-1H-3 benzazepine], a selective, high affinity 5-HT(2C) full agonist. Lorcaserin bound to human and rat 5-HT(2C) receptors with high affinity(More)
Overdose of the popular, and relatively safe, analgesic acetaminophen (N-acetyl-p-aminophenol, APAP, paracetamol) can produce a fatal centrilobular liver injury. APAP-induced cell death was investigated in a differentiated, transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha)-overexpressing, hepatocyte cell line and found to occur at concentrations, and over time(More)
Excretion and metabolism of zoniporide were investigated in humans after intravenous infusion of [(14)C]zoniporide at an 80-mg dose. Bile was the primary route of excretion because 57% of dose was recovered in the feces after intravenous infusion. Zoniporide was primarily cleared via metabolism in humans. 2-Oxozoniporide (M1) was the major excretory and(More)
The pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and excretion of torcetrapib, a selective inhibitor of human cholesteryl ester transfer protein, were investigated in healthy human male volunteers after oral administration of [(14)C]torcetrapib (120-mg dose). The total mean recovery of radiolabeled dose after 21 days was 75.7%, and most of the dose (63%) was excreted in(More)
Idiosyncratic toxicity is one of the principal causes for withdrawal of marketed drugs after launch. Circumstantial evidence suggests that several drug-induced adverse effects are a result of transformation of a drug to electrophilic reactive metabolites (RMs) that can covalently bind to vital macromolecules in the body. Strategies have been implemented in(More)
The disposition of torcetrapib {( )-[2R,4S] 4-[(3,5-bis-trifluoromethylbenzyl)-methoxycarbonyl-amino]-2-ethyl-6-trifluoromethyl-3,4dihydro-2H-quinoline-1-carboxylic acid ethyl ester}, a cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor, was studied in rats, monkeys, and mice after oral administration of a single dose of [C]torcetrapib. Total mean recoveries of(More)
Recent European Medicines Agency (final) and US Food and Drug Administration (draft) drug interaction guidances proposed that human circulating metabolites should be investigated in vitro for their drug-drug interaction (DDI) potential if present at ≥ 25% of the parent area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) (US Food and Drug Administration) or ≥ 25%(More)
We have evaluated the receptor pharmacology, antiplatelet activity, and vascular pharmacology of APD791 [3-methoxy-N-(3-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4-(2-morpholinoethoxy)phenyl)benzamide] a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT(2A)) receptor antagonist. APD791 displayed high-affinity binding to membranes (K(i) = 4.9 nM) and functional inverse agonism of(More)
Serotonin, which is stored in platelets and is released during thrombosis, activates platelets via the 5-HT(2A) receptor. 5-HT(2A) receptor inverse agonists thus represent a potential new class of antithrombotic agents. Our medicinal program began with known compounds that displayed binding affinity for the recombinant 5-HT(2A) receptor, but which had poor(More)
A variety of N-linked tertiary amines and heteroarylamines were examined at the 4-position of sulfonylated proline dipeptides in order to improve VLA-4 receptor off-rates and overcome the issue of CYP3A4 time-dependent inhibition of ester prodrugs. A tight-binding inhibitor 5j with a long off-rate provided sustained receptor occupancy despite poor oral(More)