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The cascade of phosphorylation is a pivotal event in transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) signaling. Reversible phosphorylation regulates fundamental aspects of cell activity. TGFbeta-induced Smad7 binds to type I receptor (TGFbeta type I receptor; TbetaRI) functioning as a receptor kinase antagonist. We found Smad7 interacts with growth arrest and DNA(More)
Colorectal carcinoma is a frequent cause of cancer-related death in the world for men and women. microRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression negatively at post-transcriptional level. Here, we investigated the possible role of microRNAs in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in colorectal carcinoma cells. We analyzed(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has numerous atherogenic properties, including induction of inflammatory genes, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are involved in the development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined whether variations of VSMC in the capacity to oxidize LDL or in response to minimally modified LDL (MM-LDL) constitute a(More)
LDL deposition in the subendothelium of arterial walls is the initial event in the development of atherosclerosis. The deposited LDL undergoes oxidative modification by arterial wall cells to become oxidized LDL and consequently contributes to atherosclerotic formation. Using mouse strains C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H), which differ markedly in(More)
A retrospective study was designed to evaluate clinical outcomes and sagittal alignment following single-level unilateral instrumented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). From November 2008 to December 2010, a total of 139 patients, who suffered from single-level lumbar degenerative disease, were included in this study. Forty-seven males and(More)
Individuals with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), the most aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract, have a poor prognosis. Here we report the identification of somatic mutations for GBC in 57 tumor-normal pairs through a combination of exome sequencing and ultra-deep sequencing of cancer-related genes. The mutation pattern is defined by a dominant prevalence(More)
We previously reported the identification of a locus on mouse chromosome 6 that confers almost total resistance to atherogenesis, even on a hypercholesterolemic (LDL receptor-null) background. 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) is the rate-limiting enzyme in leukotriene synthesis and was among the chromosome 6 locus candidate genes that we examined. The levels of 5-LO(More)
Ath29 is an atherosclerosis susceptibility locus on chromosome 9 identified in an intercross between C57BL/6 (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H) apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. This locus was subsequently replicated in two separate intercrosses that developed early or advanced atherosclerotic lesions. The objective of this study was to characterize Ath29(More)
Angiogenesis and bone formation are tightly coupled during the formation of the skeleton. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling is required for both bone development and angiogenesis. We recently identified endosome-associated FYVE-domain protein (endofin) as a Smad anchor for BMP receptor activation. Endofin contains a protein-phosphatase pp1c binding(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells have the potential to differentiate into various cell lineages, including adipocytes and osteoblasts. The induction of adipocyte differentiation by glucocorticoids (GCs) not only causes the accumulation of fat cells in bone marrow, but also depletes the supply of osteoblasts for new bone formation, thus leading to osteoporosis. We(More)