Learn More
The mesolimbic dopamine system, which arises in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), is an important neural substrate for opiate reinforcement and addiction. Chronic exposure to opiates is known to produce biochemical adaptations in this brain region. We now show that these adaptations are associated with structural changes in VTA dopamine neurons. Individual(More)
Dopamine (DA) has been reported to depolarize neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). To further characterize this effect of DA, we made whole cell recordings from PFC pyramidal cells in rat brain slices. As reported previously, DA depolarized most PFC cells tested. This effect of DA was concentration-dependent and persisted in the presence of synaptic(More)
To examine whether dopamine modulates cortical N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated glutamate transmission, whole-cell recordings were made from identified pyramidal cells located in layers V and VI of the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat using a slice preparation. In the presence of tetrodotoxin and the absence of Mg2+, a brief local application of(More)
To examine the intrinsic properties of postnatal mesolimbic dopamine (DA) neurons, we dissociated the ventral tegmental area (VTA) from postnatal rats, enriched for DA neurons by microdissection or gradient purification, and grew the cells in culture. In these cultures, up to 50% of neurons were dopaminergic. DA neurons resembled their in vivo counterparts(More)
By increasing dopamine (DA) release and activating feedback mechanisms, amphetamine and related psychostimulants are known to inhibit DA cell firing. Here, we report that D-amphetamine also has an excitatory effect on DA cells, which under control conditions, is masked by the inhibitory effect of D-amphetamine and is revealed when D2-like receptors are(More)
Stimulation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) has been shown to have an excitatory influence on dopamine (DA) neurons. We report here that, under nonstimulated conditions, the activity of DA neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) also covaries, on a subsecond timescale, with the activity of PFC cells. Thus, in 67% of VTA DA neurons recorded in chloral(More)
AIM To investigate the association between cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) gene polymorphism and cancer susceptibility by genotyping of CYP2C19 poor metabolizers (PMs) in cancer patients. METHODS One hundred and thirty-five cases of esophagus cancer, 148 cases of stomach cancer, 212 cases of lung cancer, 112 cases of bladder cancer and 372 controls were(More)
Dopamine (DA) D1-like receptors are present in pathways implicated in feedback control of midbrain DA neurons. However, stimulation of these receptors either produces no effect on DA cells, or the effect is inconsistent. It is possible that the expression of a D1 feedback effect requires co-activation of D2-like receptors. To test this hypothesis, we(More)
The reinforcing properties of psychostimulants depend critically on their effects on dopamine (DA) neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Using in vivo single unit recording in rats and spectral analysis, this study presents evidence for a new, non-DA-mediated effect of psychostimulants on VTA DA neurons. Thus, as previously observed with(More)
To investigate the role of D(1)-like receptors in endogenous dopamine (DA)-mediated feedback control of DA neurons in vivo, single unit recordings were made from rat nigral DA cells using low cerveau isolé preparations. The D(2) antagonist raclopride, but not the D(1) antagonist SCH23390, increased baseline activity of DA neurons, suggesting that(More)