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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease of unknown etiology. Mutations in copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are the most commonly associated genetic abnormality. Given that SOD1 is ubiquitously expressed, the exclusive vulnerability of motor neurons is one of the most puzzling issues in ALS research. We here report that wild-type SOD1(More)
The mechanism by which mutated copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) causes familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is believed to involve an adverse gain of function, independent of the physiological antioxidant enzymatic properties of SOD1. In this study, we have observed that mutant SOD1 (G41S, G85A, and G93A) but not the wild type significantly reduced(More)
We have examined the steady-state levels of intermediate filament mRNA in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using the RNAse protection assay (NFL, NFM, NFH; corrected against GAPDH) or by PCR (peripherin, alpha-internexin, nestin, and vimentin; corrected against beta-actin). Significant elevations of NFL and peripherin mRNA levels were observed within the ALS(More)
Neurofilament (NF) aggregates in motor neurons are a key neuropathological feature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We have previously observed an alteration in the stoichiometry of NF subunit steady state mRNA levels in ALS spinal motor neurons using in situ hybridization and proposed that this led to aggregate formation. We have now examined the(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) reside at the center of the immunological universe, possessing the ability both to stimulate and inhibit various types of responses. Tolerogenic/regulatory DC with therapeutic properties can be generated through various means of manipulations in vitro and in vivo. Here we describe several attractive strategies for manipulation of DC(More)
We have previously reported that altered stability of low molecular weight neurofilament (NFL) mRNA in lumbar spinal cord homogenates in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is associated with altered expression of trans-acting 3' UTR mRNA binding proteins. We have identified two hexanucleotide motifs as the main cis elements and, using LC/MS/MS of peptide(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that affects motor neurons and causes progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. The etiology and pathogenesis of ALS are largely unknown and no effective treatment is presently available. About 10% of patients have the familial or inherited form of the disease (fALS), among which 20% is(More)
p190RhoGEF is a large multi-functional protein with guanine nucleotide exchange (GEF) activity. The C-terminal region of p190RhoGEF is a highly interactive domain that binds multiple factors, including proteins with anti-apoptotic activities. We now report that transfection of EGFP-tagged p190RhoGEF protects Neuro 2a cells from stress-induced apoptosis and(More)
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