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UNLABELLED In this study, protective effects of adenosine and acetylcholine-induced postconditioning were investigated on the contractile function of the ischemic isolated rat ventricular myocytes. A video-based edge-detection system was used to monitor single ventricular myocytes contraction. Adenosine and acetylcholine were administrated for 6 min before(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of different concentrations of ethanol on action potential (AP) in the isolated rat myocardium and the possible mechanism of electric-physiological changes. Standard microelectrode technique was used to record AP in isolated rat myocardium, and whole cell patch clamp technique was used to(More)
Conventional ischaemia-mimetic solutions contain several key components for inducing hypoxia, glucose deficiency, acidosis, lactate accumulation and hyperosmosis. The effect of each component on myocyte contractility during cardiac ischaemia was investigated in this study. A video-based edge-detection system was used to monitor single ventricular myocytes(More)
The role of exercise training on hemodynamic parameters, blood lipid profiles, inflammatory cytokines, cholinesterase-positive nerves and muscarinic cholinergic (M(2)) receptors expression in the heart was investigated in Sprague-Dawley male rats with hyperlipidemia (HL). The rats were subjected to a high-fat diet and exercise training for 8 weeks, and then(More)
Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Numerous studies have shown that generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in this pathological process. Recent studies also suggested that acetylcholine (ACh) prevented the hypoxia-induced(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to develop and characterize new microbubbles based on lipids and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) for targeting thrombi as an improved ultrasound contrast agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bioconjugate ligands were inserted into the lipid-coated membranes of SF6 gas microbubbles, and their physicochemical(More)
It has been demonstrated that the number and differentiating potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) decrease with age. Therefore, the search for alternative sources of MSCs is of significant value. In the present study, MSCs were isolated from umbilical cord blood (UCB) by combining gradient density centrifugation with plastic adherence.(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced inflammatory and oxidative stress responses contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension. In this study, we determined whether renin–angiotensin system (RAS) activation in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) contributes to the ANG II-induced hypertensive response via interaction with neurotransmitters in the PVN.(More)
This study was designed to examine the in vivo and in vitro effects of captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on nicotine-induced endothelial dysfunction in rats. Endothelial dysfunction was induced by exposing isolated rat mesenteric arteries to nicotine (0.01, 0.1, or 1 mM) for 24 hr using an organ culture system, or by treating rats with(More)
Findings from our laboratory indicate that proinflammatory cytokines and their transcription factor, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), are increased in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and contribute towards the progression of heart failure. In this study, we determined whether NF-κB activation within the PVN contributes to sympathoexcitation via(More)