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Many studies have suggested that childhood maltreatment increase risk of adulthood major depressive disorder (MDD) and predict its unfavorable treatment outcome, yet the neural underpinnings associated with childhood maltreatment in MDD remain poorly understood. Here, we seek to investigate the whole-brain functional connectivity patterns in MDD patients(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared brain white matter integrity in two groups of patients with DSM-IV anxiety disorders. METHOD Seventeen patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 20 with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and 28 healthy controls were assessed on diffusion tensor imaging. RESULTS As compared to healthy controls, increased(More)
RATIONALE Spatial heterogeneity in connexin (Cx) expression has been implicated in arrhythmogenesis. OBJECTIVE This study was performed to quantify the relation between the degree of heterogeneity in Cx43 expression and disturbances in electric propagation. METHODS AND RESULTS Cell pairs and strands composed of mixtures of Cx43(-/-) (Cx43KO) or(More)
Functional neuroimaging studies have largely been performed in patients with longstanding chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Additionally, memory function of PTSD patients has been proved to be impaired. We sought to characterize the brain responses of patients with acute PTSD and implemented a trauma-related short-term memory recall paradigm.(More)
Increased serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) release in the hippocampus induced by repeated stress is thought to be critical for the neuroadaptation that alleviates the adverse effects of stressors on emotion and behavior. A failure in this process may be one of the primary neuropathological mechanisms underlying the development of stress-related(More)
Little is known about how spontaneous brain activity during the resting state may be altered in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to traumatized individuals. In the current study, we used a measure of amplitude of low-frequency (0.01-0.08 Hz) fluctuation (ALFF) to investigate the regional baseline brain function of this disorder. Fifty-four(More)
Bipolar disorder and unipolar depressive disorder (UD) may be different in brain structure. In the present study, we performed voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to quantify the grey matter volumes in 23 patients with bipolar I depressive disorder (BP1) and 23 patients with UD, and 23 age-, gender-, and education-matched healthy controls (HCs) using magnetic(More)
In a bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP)/transcription factor binding screen, we identified Mycobacterium smegmatis Ms6479 as the first c-di-GMP-responsive transcriptional factor in mycobacteria. Ms6479 could specifically bind with c-di-GMP and recognize the promoters of 37 lipid transport and metabolism genes. c-di-GMP could(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the role of 5-HT and postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors in the stress adaptation. METHODS p-PCA was used to deplete the 5-HT in rats. The 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT and antagonist WAY100635 were used to determine the effect of postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors on the ratso behaviors in the Elevated Plus-Maze test, the Forced Swimming test, and(More)
Taking into consideration the previous evidence of revealing the relationship of early life adversity, major depressive disorder (MDD), and stress-linked immunological changes, we recruited 22 MDD patients with childhood trauma exposures (CTE), 21 MDD patients without CTE, and 22 healthy controls without CTE, and then utilized a novel cytokine antibody(More)