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OBJECTIVE The principal objective of this study was to evaluate serial weight changes in athletes during 12- and 24-hour ultra-marathons and to correlate these changes with athletic performance, namely the distance covered. DESIGN This was a prospective study. SETTING The 2003 Soochow University international ultra-marathon. PARTICIPANTS Fifty-two(More)
Atovaquone, a substituted hydroxynaphthoquinone, is a potent antimalarial drug that acts by inhibiting the parasite's mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex (cyt bc1). Mutations in cyt bc1 confer atovaquone resistance. Here we describe the X-ray structure of mitochondrial cyt bc1 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae with atovaquone bound in the catalytic Qo site, at(More)
Quinol oxidation in the catalytic quinol oxidation site (Q(o) site) of cytochrome (cyt) bc(1) complexes is the key step of the Q cycle mechanism, which laid the ground for Mitchell's chemiosmotic theory of energy conversion. Bifurcated electron transfer upon quinol oxidation enables proton uptake and release on opposite membrane sides, thus generating a(More)
Twenty-six novel naphthoquinone aliphatic esters were synthesized by esterification of 1,4-naphthoquinone alcohols with various aliphatic acids. The 1,4-naphthoquinone alcohols were prepared from 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid in nine steps with excellent yields. Twenty-four of the novel synthetic naphthoquinone esters showed significant antimalarial activity(More)
Actinobacteria are closely linked to human life as industrial producers of bioactive molecules and as human pathogens. Respiratory cytochrome bcc complex and cytochrome aa3 oxidase are key components of their aerobic energy metabolism. They form a supercomplex in the actinobacterial species Corynebacterium glutamicum. With comprehensive bioinformatics and(More)
Complex III in C. glutamicum has an unusual di-heme cyt. c1 and it co-purifies with complex IV in a supercomplex. Here, we investigated the kinetics of electron transfer within this supercomplex and in the cyt. aa3 alone (cyt. bc1 was removed genetically). In the reaction of the reduced cyt. aa3 with O2, we identified the same sequence of events as with(More)
Membrane proteins are challenging targets for crystallization and structure determination by X-ray crystallography. Hurdles can be overcome by antibody-mediated crystallization. More than 25 unique structures of membrane protein:antibody complexes have already been determined. In the majority of cases, hybridoma-derived antibody fragments either in Fab or(More)
The ultrafast response of cytochrome bc1 is investigated for the first time, via transient absorption spectroscopy. The distinct redox potentials of both c1- and b-hemes allow for a clear differentiation of their respective signals. We find that while the c1-heme photo-product exhibits the characteristics of a 5-coordinated species, the b-hemes presumably(More)
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