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To investigate whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are risk factors for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a case-control study of 102 cirrhotic HCC patients, 102 sex-matched and age-matched patients with liver cirrhosis, and 102 matched patients with non-hepatic disease controls was performed. The(More)
Extraocular muscle involvement in orbital disease is most frequently seen as a feature of thyroid orbitopathy (Graves' disease). However, a wide range of other conditions may alter the size, shape, and function of these muscles, with characteristic clinical manifestations or abnormalities visible on orbital imaging. The differential diagnosis of muscle(More)
Independent and interactive effects related to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma were assessed using a community-based case-control study for hepatitis B virus, habitual alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, peanut consumption and history of hepatocellular carcinoma among the immediate family. All 200 male newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND Cytogenetic investigations of choroid and ciliary body melanomas have revealed that the majority of cases are characterized by recurrent clonal abnormalities involving chromosomes 3, 6, and 8. The authors sought to determine whether these abnormalities were associated with outcome. METHODS Fifty-four patients who underwent enucleation for(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a steroid hormone receptor that has been shown to play important roles in mammary development and differentiation, and has been implicated in breast tumourigenesis, but its precise biological significance in mammary pathophysiology remains unclear. In order to generate a comprehensive expression profile for GR in normal(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on pregnancy rate and uterine artery blood flow impedance in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective, randomized trial was carried out in the IVF center of China Medical University Hospital in Taiwan, from February 1, 2004 to January 30, 2005. A(More)
The goals of this study were to assess the efficacy of inside-out transobturator vaginal tape (TVT-O) as a treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) and to explore the possible factors determining surgical success and failure. Each woman had a 20-min pad test and urodynamic study including uroflowmetry, cystometry, and stress urethral pressure(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the serological and molecular characteristics of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV) infection in the hepatitis C virus (HCV)/hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas in Taiwan. METHODS Sera from 200 residents from Masago, an HCV/HBV-endemic community in Taiwan, and 400 blood donors were tested for GBV-C/HGV RNA by using nested(More)
A second-generation hepatitis C virus (HCV) quantitative assay (COBAS AMPLICOR HCV MONITOR Test, version 2.0; COBAS HCM-2) has been developed, with the intention of achieving equivalent quantification of all HCV genotypes and improving assay performance. To evaluate the clinical performance of COBAS HCM-2 and its utility in predicting the response to alpha(More)
We retrospectively reviewed the outcome of 37 prostate cancer patients with ureteral obstruction treated by percutaneous nephrostomy. The over-all survival was 57% at 1 year and 29% at 2 years (median survival time 21 months). The 1 and 2-year survival rates of 15 patients with no prior hormonal therapy were 73 and 47%, respectively, while those of patients(More)