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Paclitaxel (PTX), a chemotherapeutic drug, affects microtubule dynamics and influences endocytic trafficking. However, the mechanism and the dynamics of altered endocytic trafficking by paclitaxel treatment in single living cells still remain elusive. By labeling quantum dots (QDs) to the epidermal growth factor (EGF), we continuously tracked the(More)
Structural properties of single lambda DNA treated with anti-cancer drug cisplatin were studied with magnetic tweezers and AFM. Under the effect of low-concentration cisplatin, the DNA became more flexible, with the persistence length decreased significantly from approximately 52 to 15 nm. At a high drug concentration, a DNA condensation phenomenon was(More)
A mathematical model is proposed to illustrate the activation of STIM1 (stromal interaction molecule 1) protein, the assembly and activation of calcium-release activated calcium (CRAC) channels in T cells. In combination with De Young-Keizer-Li-Rinzel model, we successfully reproduce a sustained Ca(2+) oscillation in cytoplasm. Our results reveal that(More)
Molecular combing is a powerful and simple method for aligning DNA molecules onto a surface. Using this technique combined with fluorescence microscopy, we observed that the length of lambda-DNA molecules was extended to about 1.6 times their contour length (unextended length, 16.2 microm) by the combing method on hydrophobic polymethylmetacrylate coated(More)
Circadian KaiC phosphorylation in cyanobacteria reconstituted in vitro recently initiates a series of studies experimentally and theoretically to explore its mechanism. In this paper, we report a dynamic diversity in hexameric KaiC phosphoforms using a multi-layer reaction network based on the nonequivalence of the dual phosphorylation sites (S431 and T432)(More)
The effects of monovalent (Na + , K +) and divalent (Mg 2+ , Ca 2+ , Mn 2+) ions on the interaction between DNA and histone are studied using the molecular combing technique. λ-DNA molecules and DNA-histone complexes incubated with metal cations (are stretched on hydrophobic surfaces, and directly observed by fluorescence microscopy. The results indicate(More)
The interactions of DNA with oxaliplatin (Pt(R,R-DACH)) or its enantiomer (Pt(S,S-DACH)) were investigated using magnetic tweezers and atomic force microscope. In the process of DNA condensation induced by Pt-DACH, only diadducts and micro-loops are formed at low Pt-DACH concentrations, while at high Pt-DACH concentrations, besides the diadducts and(More)
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