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The information rate of finite-state source/channel models can be accurately estimated by sampling both a long channel input sequence and the corresponding channel output sequence, followed by a forward sum-product recursion on the joint source/channel trellis. This method is extended to compute upper and lower bounds on the information rate of very general(More)
—In this paper, an adaptive tradeoff model (ATM) is proposed for constrained evolutionary optimization. In this model, three main issues are considered: 1) the evaluation of infeasible solutions when the population contains only infeasible individuals; 2) balancing feasible and infeasible solutions when the population consists of a combination of feasible(More)
A single-base pair resolution silkworm genetic variation map was constructed from 40 domesticated and wild silkworms, each sequenced to approximately threefold coverage, representing 99.88% of the genome. We identified ~16 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms, many indels, and structural variations. We find that the domesticated silkworms are clearly(More)
Moving object segmentation in compressed domain plays an important role in many real-time applications, e.g. video indexing, video transcoding, video surveillance, etc. Because H.264/AVC is the up-to-date video-coding standard, few literatures have been reported in the area of video analysis on H.264/AVC compressed video. Compared with the former MPEG(More)
In virtual colonoscopy, CT scans are typically acquired with the patient in both supine (facing up) and prone (facing down) positions. The registration of these two scans is desirable so that the user can clarify situations or confirm polyp findings at a location in one scan with the same location in the other, thereby improving polyp detection rates and(More)
Faulty components in a network need to be localized and repaired to sustain the health of the network. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that carefully combines active and passive measurements to localize faults in wireless sensor networks. More specifically, we formulate a problem of optimal sequential testing guided by end-to-end data. This(More)
Neighbor discovery is one of the first steps in configuring and managing a wireless network. Most existing studies on neighbor discovery assume a single-packet reception model where only a single packet can be received successfully at a receiver. In this paper, motivated by the increasing prevalence of multipacket reception (MPR) technologies such as CDMA(More)
For in-network storage schemes, one maps data, indexed in a logical space, to the distributed sensor locations. When the physical sensor network has an irregular shape and possibly holes, the mapping of data to sensors often creates unbalanced storage load with high data concentration on nodes near network boundaries. In this paper we propose to map data to(More)
Mesangial cell (MC) phenotypic transition is crucial for the progression of diabetic nephropathy. A major stimulus mediating high glucose-induced MC phenotypic transition is TGF-β1. Our current study focuses on microRNA-215 (miR-215) and investigates its role in TGF-β1-mediated MC phenotypic transition. Using real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and(More)
—In this paper we propose an algorithm to construct a " space filling " curve for a sensor network with holes. Mathematically , for a given multi-hole domain R, we generate a path P that is provably aperiodic (i.e., any point is covered at most a constant number of times) and dense (i.e., any point of R is arbitrarily close to P). In a discrete setting as(More)