Learn More
Evoked potential and ensemble neuronal activities were used to study the responses of the primary sensorimotor cortex (SmI) to noxious CO(2) laser irradiation of the middle part of the tail in conscious behaving rats. The hypothesis that systemic morphine treatment preferentially attenuates the longer-latency laser-evoked cortical responses was also tested.(More)
Perinatal insults and subsequent neuroinflammation are the major mechanisms of neonatal brain injury, but there have been only scarce reports on the associations between hypoxic preconditioning and glial activation. Here we use neonatal hypoxia-ischemia brain injury model in 7-day-old rats and in vitro hypoxia model with primary mixed glial culture and the(More)
Injury to peripheral nerves may result in severe and intractable neuropathic pain. Many efforts have been focused on the elucidation of the mechanisms of neuropathic pain. It was found here that integrin plays an important role in the induction of neuropathic pain and treatment of disintegrin is able to attenuate neuropathic pain. The rats were induced(More)
BACKGROUND Hypnotics have been reported to be associated with dementia. However, the relationship between insomnia, hypnotics and dementia is still controversial. We sought to examine the risk of dementia in patients with long-term insomnia and the contribution of hypnotics. METHODS Data was collected from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database.(More)
BACKGROUND Mice lacking the preproenkephalin (ppENK) gene are hyperalgesic and show more anxiety and aggression than wild-type (WT) mice. The marked behavioral changes in ppENK knock-out (KO) mice appeared to occur in supraspinal response to painful stimuli. However the functional role of enkephalins in the supraspinal nociceptive processing and their(More)
Previous research suggests that a co-morbid relationship exists between migraine and endometriosis; however, results have been inconsistent. In addition, female hormones, which are important in the pathogenesis and management of endometriosis, have been reported to precipitate migraine attacks and may confound the results. The aim of this population-based(More)
INTRODUCTION During severe sepsis or septic shock, activation of the inflammatory and coagulatory systems can result in microcirculatory dysfunction as well as microvascular thrombosis, culminating in multiple organ dysfunction and death. Enoxaparin can inhibit factor Xa and attenuate endothelial damage. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate(More)
We review the literature conjoining acupuncture, migraine, and cerebral hemodynamics. To do so, we searched PubMed in March 2013 for studies investigating cerebral hemodynamics with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound, and other tools in migraineurs, acupuncture recipients,(More)
The purpose of this study is to use ensembled neural networks (ENN) to model survival rate for the patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We also use seven different sensitivity analyses to find out the important variables to establish a comprehensive and objective assessment method for the OHCA patients. After pre-filtering, we obtained 4,095(More)