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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of lidocaine, propofol and ephedrine in suppressing fentanyl-induced cough. METHODS One hundred and eighteen patients were randomly assigned into four groups and the following medications were given intravenously: patients in Group I (n = 31) received normal saline 2 mL, Group II (n = 29)(More)
Morphine has been widely used for pain management. Other than analgesia, it has effects on vascular endothelial cells, including angiogenesis and apoptosis. An in vitro model of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was made to investigate the effects and comprehensive mechanisms of morphine on vascular endothelial cells. Morphine enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have implicated the activation of stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 in spinal microglial cells for development of neuropathic and inflammatory pain. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether phosphorylation of p38 (p-p38) also mediates mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia induced by(More)
BACKGROUND The potential relationship between anaesthesia, surgery and onset of dementia remains elusive. AIMS To determine whether the risk of dementia increases after surgery with anaesthesia, and to evaluate possible associations among age, mode of anaesthesia, type of surgery and risk of dementia. METHOD The study cohort comprised patients aged 50(More)
BACKGROUND Hypnotics have been reported to be associated with dementia. However, the relationship between insomnia, hypnotics and dementia is still controversial. We sought to examine the risk of dementia in patients with long-term insomnia and the contribution of hypnotics. METHODS Data was collected from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database.(More)
BACKGROUND Anesthesia can become inadequate inadvertently or by misjudgment during surgery or emergence, and the surgical stress and pain stimulation will increase without adequate treatment. Overt stimulation may activate the sympathetic nervous system, increase the blood level of catecholamines, and lead to splanchnic arterial vasoconstriction. METHODS(More)
Nitric oxide is an active oxidant that contributes to the physiology and pathophysiology of macrophages. Propofol has been widely used in intravenous anesthesia. It possess antioxidant and immunomodulating effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of propofol on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages. Exposure of(More)
In the present study, we examined the effects of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA) at classical bilateral acupuncture points (Zusanli, also known as ST-36) on postoperative pain and opioid-related side effects. One hundred healthy consenting women undergoing lower abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to four treatment regimens: Group I (n=25),(More)
OBJECTIVES Resuming 2-lung ventilation from 1-lung ventilation might induce a re-expansion and reoxygenation effect. The oxidative stress during 1-lung ventilation/2-lung ventilation has not been studied, although severe complications, such as re-expansion pulmonary edema, were reported. Reactive oxygen species production and total antioxidant status assay(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although lidocaine patch 5% has been widely used for postherpetic neuralgia, its analgesic effect on the intense pain associated with acute herpes zoster has not been investigated because of its potential hazard to damaged skin. METHODS Forty-six patients suffering from moderate to severe pain caused by acute herpes zoster(More)