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In the present study, we examined the effects of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA) at classical bilateral acupuncture points (Zusanli, also known as ST-36) on postoperative pain and opioid-related side effects. One hundred healthy consenting women undergoing lower abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to four treatment regimens: Group I (n=25),(More)
BACKGROUND The potential relationship between anaesthesia, surgery and onset of dementia remains elusive. AIMS To determine whether the risk of dementia increases after surgery with anaesthesia, and to evaluate possible associations among age, mode of anaesthesia, type of surgery and risk of dementia. METHOD The study cohort comprised patients aged 50(More)
BACKGROUND Gabapentin has been shown to provide pain relief for post-herpetic neuralgia at dosage of 1200 to 2400 mg/day. However, the initial dosing strategy has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this study was to establish the initial dosing strategy in the treatment of the gabapentin-naive patients with post-herpetic neuralgia. METHODS(More)
Evoked potential and ensemble neuronal activities were used to study the responses of the primary sensorimotor cortex (SmI) to noxious CO(2) laser irradiation of the middle part of the tail in conscious behaving rats. The hypothesis that systemic morphine treatment preferentially attenuates the longer-latency laser-evoked cortical responses was also tested.(More)
OBJECTIVES Resuming 2-lung ventilation from 1-lung ventilation might induce a re-expansion and reoxygenation effect. The oxidative stress during 1-lung ventilation/2-lung ventilation has not been studied, although severe complications, such as re-expansion pulmonary edema, were reported. Reactive oxygen species production and total antioxidant status assay(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy and side effects of epidural patient-controlled analgesia (EPCA) with those of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) in fast-track video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS EPCA or IVPCA was chosen by patients and was started immediately following tracheal extubation in the wake of(More)
We review the literature conjoining acupuncture, migraine, and cerebral hemodynamics. To do so, we searched PubMed in March 2013 for studies investigating cerebral hemodynamics with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound, and other tools in migraineurs, acupuncture recipients,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have implicated the activation of stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 in spinal microglial cells for development of neuropathic and inflammatory pain. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether phosphorylation of p38 (p-p38) also mediates mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia induced by(More)
BACKGROUND Mice lacking the preproenkephalin (ppENK) gene are hyperalgesic and show more anxiety and aggression than wild-type (WT) mice. The marked behavioral changes in ppENK knock-out (KO) mice appeared to occur in supraspinal response to painful stimuli. However the functional role of enkephalins in the supraspinal nociceptive processing and their(More)