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Hosts providing important network services such as HTTP and FTP incur a per-connection memory load from TCP that can adversely affect their connection rate and throughput. The memory requirement is directly tied to the number of connections; caching and other sharing methods will not alleviate it. We have observed HTTP throughput reductions of as much as(More)
This paper investigates nonlinear control of cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) system with sensor failures. A nonlinear vehicular model involving sensor failure is established. Based on the nonlinear model, a switching controller design method is proposed. It is shown that the obtained control scheme can achieve the objective of individual vehicle(More)
The numerical solution of a variable-order fractional financial system is calculated by using the Adams-Bashforth-Moulton method. The derivative is defined in the Caputo variable-order fractional sense. Numerical examples show that the Adams-Bashforth-Moulton method can be applied to solve such variable-order fractional differential equations simply and(More)
Elucidating the evolutionary history of current species diversity, especially trees with large effective population sizes and long generation times, is a complicated exercise confounded by gene flow and incomplete lineage sorting. In the present study, we aim to determine the origin and speciation of Picea schrenkiana and Picea smithiana using population(More)
Divergence during the early stage of speciation can be driven by a population bottleneck via reduced gene flow and enhanced lineage sorting. In this study, we aimed to examine whether such bottlenecks occurred during the initial speciation of two closely related spruce species Picea asperata and P. crassifolia occurring on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP).(More)