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In the present study we identified a duck invariant chain (Ii) cDNA, named duck Ii-1, by RT-PCR and RACE. It was 1190 bp in length and contained a 669 bp open reading frame. An alternative transcript encoding a thyroglobulin (Tg)-containing form of Ii, named duck Ii-2, was also found in duck. The putative amino acid sequence of duck Ii-1 showed an 82%(More)
Connexin43 is the major protein of gap junctions in heart and smooth muscle including the myometrium. Molecular cloning of the connexin43 gene reveals a similar organization to that exhibited by other connexin genes: the 5' untranslated region is interrupted by an 8.5 kilobase intron. The promoter region preceding the first exon contains a TATA box and AP-1(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) plays an essential role in mammalian spermatogenesis and follicular development. In a previous study, we demonstrated that some bulls carry numerous linked mutations in the FSH beta-subunit (FSHB) gene, and that these bulls have poor-quality semen, low fertility, and slightly lower serum FSH concentration compared to those(More)
The biosynthesis of distinct forms of the invariant chain (Ii) protein from a unique gene as the result of differential splicing patterns has been observed in humans and mice. However, there have been no reports on the existence of Ii isoforms in avian species. In the present study, we identified two chicken Ii cDNAs by RT-PCR and RACE, and examined the Ii(More)
Two Leu residues and their ambient amino acid residues are known to exist in the cytosolic tail of chicken invariant chain (Ii), and these play an important role as motifs in mediating the sorting endocytic pathway. We performed 20 mutations via site-directed mutagenesis by the PCR megaprimer method to study the effect of some ambient amino residues of both(More)
Invariant chain (Ii) is a transmembrane protein that associates with MHC class II molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. The cytoplasmic tail of Ii contains two leucine residues able to direct Ii to the endocytic pathway. We obtained the pig Ii gene by RT-PCR. Mutated Ii was prepared via site directed mutagenesis by the PCR Megaprimer method to study the(More)
The invariant chain (Ii) plays an important role as a chaperone for MHC II maturation and facilitates antigen presentation in vertebrates. We cloned, characterized and made a homology analysis of healthy adult muscovy duck Ii (MDIi), from a poultry farm in the suburban district of Hefei city in China, by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE)-PCR and(More)
There are different degrees of similarity among vertebrate invariant chains (Ii). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between quail and other vertebrate Ii MHC class II molecules. The two quail Ii isoforms (qIi-1, qIi-2) were cloned by RACE, and qRT-PCR analysis of different organs showed that their expression levels were positively(More)
Invariant chain (Ii) binds to MHC class II (MHCII) to assemble a nonamer in the endoplasmic reticulum. Major histocompatibility complex class II-associated Ii peptide (CLIP) that occupies the peptide binding groove of MHCII prevents MHCII molecules from loading with endogenous antigens. We used the green or red fluorescent protein-fused Ii or MHCII subunits(More)