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CONTEXT Prediction of high probability of survival from standard cancer treatments is fundamental for individualized cancer treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE To develop a predictor of response and survival from chemotherapy for newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Prospective multicenter study conducted from June 2000 to(More)
Staphylococcus aureus, but not E. coli pathogens frequently cause subclinical, chronic infections of the mammary gland. We examined here, if inadequate activation of the bovine TLR2 and TLR4 pathogen receptors by ligands derived from S. aureus pathogens might contribute to molecular mechanisms underpinning the escape strategies from mammary immune defence(More)
BACKGROUND As women in the US delay childbearing, it has been hypothesized that the incidence of breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy will increase. There are very little prospective data on the treatment of pregnant women with breast cancer with chemotherapy and even less data on the outcomes of their children who were exposed to chemotherapy in utero.(More)
We examined the repertoire and extent of inflammation dependent gene regulation in a bovine mammary epithelial cell (MEC) model, to better understand the contribution of the MEC in the immune defence of the udder. We challenged primary cultures of MEC from cows with heat inactivated Escherichia coli pathogens and used Affymetrix DNA-microarrays to profile(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors have demonstrated anticancer activity against a range of tumors. We aimed to define the maximum tolerated dose, toxicity, activity, and pharmacokinetics of oral panobinostat, a pan-deacetylase inhibitor, alone and in combination with docetaxel for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Sixteen patients(More)
PURPOSE To establish a preoperative protocol for ultrasonographically guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of large liver tumors that is based on mathematic models and clinical experience and to evaluate the role of this protocol in RF ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS A regular prism and a regular polyhedron model were used to develop a(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the imaging findings of breast lymphomas in patients who had undergone mammography, ultrasonography (US), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, or combined positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scanning. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant study and waived(More)
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare and aggressive form of invasive breast cancer accounting for 2.5% of all breast cancer cases. It is characterized by rapid progression, local and distant metastases, younger age of onset, and lower overall survival compared with other breast cancers. Historically, IBC is a lethal disease with less than a 5%(More)
The outcome of an udder infection is influenced by the pathogen species. We established a strictly defined infection model to better analyze the unknown molecular causes for these pathogen-specific effects, using Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus strains previously asseverated from field cases of mastitis. Inoculation of quarters with 500 CFU of E.(More)
Prolactin stimulates the expression of milk genes during lactation through the activation of STAT5 transcription factors, which subsequently bind to their cognate target sequence on the promoters. Demethylation of 5methylCpG dinucleotides permits the tissue-specific accessibility of transcription factor-binding sites during development, but remethylation(More)