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Benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), a class of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder of newborns. BFNC has been linked to mutations in two putative K+ channel genes, KCNQ2 and KCNQ3. Amino acid sequence comparison reveals that both genes share strong homology to KvLQT1, the potassium channel encoded by(More)
The clinical features of long QT syndrome result from episodic life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, specifically the polymorphic ventricular tachycardia torsades de pointes. KVLQT1 has been established as the human chromosome 11-linked gene responsible for more than 50% of inherited long QT syndrome. Here we describe the cloning of a full-length KVLQT1(More)
Tie2 is an endothelium-specific receptor tyrosine kinase that is required for both normal embryonic vascular development and tumor angiogenesis and is thought to play a role in vascular maintenance. However, the signaling pathways responsible for the function of Tie2 remain unknown. In this report, we demonstrate that the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol(More)
CONTEXT A high level of the phosphate-regulating hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is associated with mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, but little is known about its relationship with adverse outcomes in the much larger population of patients with earlier stages of chronic kidney disease. OBJECTIVE To evaluate FGF-23 as a risk(More)
Hemoglobin levels vary substantially over time in hemodialysis patients, and this variability may portend poor outcomes. For a given patient, hemoglobin concentration over time can be described by absolute levels, rate of change, or by the difference between observed level and expected level based on the preceding trend (i.e., seemingly random variability).(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot are monitored for pulmonary regurgitation (PR) and right ventricular (RV) function. We sought to compare measures of PR and RV function on echocardiogram to those on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and to develop a new tool for assessing PR by echocardiogram. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with repaired(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) has been implicated in mediating the Ca(2+)-dependent regulation of gap junctions. This report identifies a CaM-binding motif comprising residues 136-158 in the intracellular loop of Cx43. A 23-mer peptide encompassing this CaM-binding motif was shown to bind Ca(2+)-CaM with 1:1 stoichiometry by using various biophysical approaches,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to evaluate serum bicarbonate level as a risk factor for renal outcomes, cardiovascular events, and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN Observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 3,939 participants with CKD stages 2-4 who enrolled in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort(More)
The EF-hand protein with a helix-loop-helix Ca(2+) binding motif constitutes one of the largest protein families and is involved in numerous biological processes. To facilitate the understanding of the role of Ca(2+) in biological systems using genomic information, we report, herein, our improvement on the pattern search method for the identification of(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study three different stimulation parameters of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) were tested to compare the efficacy of continuous theta burst stimulation (continuous TBS) for rehabilitation of unilateral spatial neglect (USN) in stroke patients. METHODS Carefully selected cohort of thirty-eight stroke patients were(More)