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The vinculin gene codes for a cytoskeletal protein, found in focal adhesion plaques and in cell-cell adherens junctions. Vinculin was inactivated by homologous recombination using a targeting vector in embryonic stem (ES) cells. The heterozygous ES cells were introduced into mice by established procedures to produce heterozygous animals that were normal and(More)
In eukaryotes, ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent proteolysis is essential for bulk protein turnover as well as diverse processes including cell-cycle control, differentiation, antigen presentation, and the stress response. Generally, multiple ubiquitins are added onto a substrate to form an isopeptide-linked 'polyubiquitin' chain, which targets substrates for(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant growth and development as well as stress tolerance. The Arabidopsis sad1 (supersensitive to ABA and drought) mutation increases plant sensitivity to drought stress and ABA in seed germination, root growth, and the expression of some stress-responsive genes. sad1 plants are also defective in the positive(More)
Pax6, a transcription factor containing the bipartite paired DNA-binding domain, has critical roles in development of the eye, nose, pancreas, and central nervous system. The 2.5 A structure of the human Pax6 paired domain with its optimal 26-bp site reveals extensive DNA contacts from the amino-terminal subdomain, the linker region, and the(More)
The two membrane proteins, STIM1 and Orai1, have each been shown to be essential for the activation of store-operated channels (SOC). Yet, how these proteins functionally interact is not known. Here, we reveal that STIM1 and Orai1 expressed together reconstitute functional SOCs. Expressed alone, Orai1 strongly reduces store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in(More)
BACKGROUND The addition of rituximab to combination chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), or R-CHOP, has significantly improved the survival of patients with diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma. Whether gene-expression signatures correlate with survival after treatment of diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma is unclear. (More)
Vinculin plays a role in signaling between integrins and the actin cytoskeleton. We reported earlier that F9-derived cells lacking vinculin are less spread, less adhesive, and move two times faster than wild-type F9 cells. Expression of intact vinculin in null cells restored all wild-type characteristics. In contrast, expression of the head (90 kDa)(More)
Based on two partial cDNA sequences, a full-length cDNA sequence for an actin-binding like protein previously named ABPL has been isolated and characterized. ABPL is homologous to the human actin-binding proteins ABP-280 and ABP-278. The predicted sequence for ABPL is 2,705 amino acids in length with a calculated molecular mass of 289 kDa. It contains an(More)
The coupling mechanism between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores and plasma membrane (PM) store-operated channels (SOCs) remains elusive [1-3]. STIM1 was shown to play a crucial role in this coupling process [4-7]; however, the role of the closely related STIM2 protein remains undetermined. We reveal that STIM2 is a powerful SOC inhibitor when(More)
The excitation transport and trapping kinetics of core antenna-reaction center complexes from photosystem I of wild-type Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 were investigated under annihilation-free conditions in complexes with open and closed reaction centers. For closed reaction centers, the long-component decay-associated spectrum (DAS) from global analysis of(More)