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Proteome-scale protein interaction maps are available for many organisms, ranging from bacteria, yeast, worms and flies to humans. These maps provide substantial new insights into systems biology, disease research and drug discovery. However, only a small fraction of the total number of human protein-protein interactions has been identified. In this study,(More)
Proper control of entry into and progression through mitosis is essential for normal cell proliferation and the maintenance of genome stability. The mammalian mitotic kinase Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is involved in multiple stages of mitosis5. Here we report that Forkhead Box M1 (FoxM1), a substrate of Plk1, controls a transcriptional programme that(More)
The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) plays an essential role in nonhomologous DNA end joining (NHEJ) by initially recognizing and binding to DNA breaks. We have shown that in vitro, purified DNA-PK undergoes autophosphorylation, resulting in loss of activity and disassembly of the kinase complex. Thus, we have suggested that autophosphorylation of the(More)
Voltage-gated Kv7 (or KCNQ) channels play a pivotal role in controlling membrane excitability. Like typical voltage-gated ion channels, Kv7 channels undergo a closed-to-open transition by sensing changes in transmembrane potential, and thereby mediate inhibitory K(+) currents to reduce membrane excitability. Reduction of Kv7 channel activity as a result of(More)
Decomposing transcriptional regulatory networks into functional modules and determining logical relations between them is the first step toward understanding transcriptional regulation at the system level. Modules based on analysis of genome-scale data can serve as the basis for inferring combinatorial regulation and for building mathematical models to(More)
To support pharmacokinetic studies of ginsenosides, a novel method to quantitatively analyze ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), its prosapogenin ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) and aglycone 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (ppd) in rat plasma was developed and validated. The method was based on gradient separation of ginsenosides present in rat plasma using high performance liquid(More)
Two major DNA double-strand break repair pathways exist in all eukaryotes, nonhomologous DNA end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR). Although both pathways can function throughout the cell cycle, NHEJ predominates in G0/G1) (when a replicated sister chromatid is unavailable), whereas HR makes a more substantial contribution in S and G2. How a(More)
Sheng-Mai-San (SMS) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) recipe, containing Radix Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Mey., Araliaceae), Radix Ophiopogonis (Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker-Gawl., Liliaceae) and Fructus Schisandrae (Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., Magnoliaceae), and has been used more than one thousand years. In this research,(More)
Phosphodiesterase (PDE)-2 is a component of the nitric-oxide synthase (NOS)/guanylyl cyclase signaling pathway in the brain. Given recent evidence that pharmacologically induced changes in NO-cGMP signaling can affect anxiety-related behaviors, the effects of the PDE2 inhibitors (2-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)-7-det-5-methylimidazo-[5,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-4(3H)-one)(More)
To explore the clip and the geometrical center displacements based on the four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) for external-beam partial breast irradiation (EB-PBI), fourteen breast cancer patients treated with breast-conserving surgery were recruited for EB-PBI and undertook 4DCT simulation during free breathing. The displacements of the selected(More)