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The previous published data on the association between X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) T241M, A4541G, and A17893G polymorphisms and breast cancer risk remained controversial. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between breast cancer and XRCC3 T241M (21,910 cases and 23,961 controls), A4541G (9,633 cases and(More)
BACKGROUND Although the complete genome sequence and annotation of Arabidopsis were released at the end of year 2000, it is still a great challenge to understand the function of each gene in the Arabidopsis genome. One way to understand the function of genes on a genome-wide scale is expression profiling by microarrays. However, the expression level of many(More)
Biomineralization is a highly regulated process that plays a major role during the development of skeletal tissues. Despite its obvious importance, little is known about its regulation. Previously, it has been demonstrated that retinoic acid (RA) stimulates terminal differentiation and mineralization of growth plate chondrocytes (Iwamoto, M., I.M. Shapiro,(More)
Corin is a cardiac serine protease that acts as the pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) convertase. Recently, 2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (T555I and Q568P) in the human corin gene have been identified in genetic epidemiological studies. The minor I555/P568 allele, which is more common in African Americans, is associated with hypertension and(More)
Although permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO) has been demonstrated to induce retinal injury, there is still a lack of systematic research on the complex processing of retinal degeneration. In the present study, time-dependent (at three, 14, 60 days after 2VO surgery) changes of neurotrophic and inflammatory systems, as well as(More)
In order to survive, self-serving agents in various kinds of complex adaptive systems (CASs) must compete against others for sharing limited resources with biased or unbiased distribution by conducting strategic behaviors. This competition can globally result in the balance of resource allocation. As a result, most of the agents and species can survive(More)
Smart hydrogels, or stimuli-responsive hydrogels, are three-dimensional networks composed of crosslinked hydrophilic polymer chains that are able to dramatically change their volume and other properties in response to environmental stimuli such as temperature, pH and certain chemicals. Rapid and significant response to environmental stimuli and high(More)