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The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas belongs to one of the most species-rich but genomically poorly explored phyla, the Mollusca. Here we report the sequencing and assembly of the oyster genome using short reads and a fosmid-pooling strategy, along with transcriptomes of development and stress response and the proteome of the shell. The oyster genome is(More)
Salicylic acid (SA) is a plant immune signal produced after pathogen challenge to induce systemic acquired resistance. It is the only major plant hormone for which the receptor has not been firmly identified. Systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis requires the transcription cofactor nonexpresser of PR genes 1 (NPR1), the degradation of which acts as a(More)
The heterogeneous nature of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the lack of appropriate biomarkers have hampered patient prognosis and treatment stratification. Recently, we have identified that a hepatic stem cell marker, epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), may serve as an early biomarker of HCC because its expression is highly elevated in(More)
The principal immune mechanism against biotrophic pathogens in plants is the resistance (R)-gene-mediated defence. It was proposed to share components with the broad-spectrum basal defence machinery. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is largely unknown. Here we report the identification of novel genes involved in R-gene-mediated resistance against(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe the distribution of pelvic organ support in a gynecologic clinic population to define the clinical disease state of pelvic organ prolapse and to analyze its epidemiologic condition. STUDY DESIGN This was a multicenter observational study. Subjects who were seen at outpatient gynecology clinics who(More)
BACKGROUND There is much discussion in the cancer drug development community about how to incorporate molecular tools into early-stage clinical trials to assess target modulation, measure anti-tumor activity, and enrich the clinical trial population for patients who are more likely to benefit. Small, molecularly focused clinical studies offer the promise of(More)
Centrosome duplication is tightly controlled during faithful cell division, and unnecessary reduplication can lead to supernumerary centrosomes and multipolar spindles that are associated with most human cancer cells. In addition to nucleocytoplasmic transport, the Ran–Crm1 network is involved in regulating centrosome duplication to ensure the formation of(More)
BACKGROUND Induction of plant immune responses involves significant transcription reprogramming that prioritizes defense over growth-related cellular functions. Despite intensive forward genetic screens and genome-wide expression-profiling studies, a limited number of transcription factors have been found that regulate this transition. RESULTS Using the(More)
PURPOSE A phase II clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a prime/boost vaccine strategy using vaccinia virus and fowlpox virus expressing human prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in patients with biochemical progression after local therapy for prostate cancer. The induction of PSA-specific immunity was also evaluated. (More)
Oxidative stress-mediated cell death in cardiomyocytes reportedly plays an important role in many cardiac pathologies. Our previous report demonstrated that mitochondrial SIRT3 plays an essential role in mediating cell survival in cardiac myocytes, and that resveratrol protects cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress-induced apoptosis by activating SIRT3.(More)