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A pentiptycene-derived p-phenylenediamine mimics a molecular double-rotor system that displays redox-dependent rotation rates for the amino rotors about the pentiptycene-amine C-N bond. The rotation is accelerated in the radical cation state but stopped in the di(radical cation) state. Electronic interplay of the two rotors is also discussed.
A room-temperature light-driven molecular brake (1), consisting of a pentiptycene rotator, a 3,5-dinitrophenyl brake, and a photoisomerizable ethenyl spacer, is reported. The rotation rates of the rotator differ by about 9 orders of magnitude between the brake-on (cis-1) and brake-off (trans-1) states.
With Tf2O as the activation reagent, a mild and general method has been developed for the bisphosphonylation of both secondary and tertiary amides. The protocol is highly efficient and chemoselective, and it tolerates a number of sensitive functional groups such as cyano, ester, and aldehyde groups.
The synthesis of central-ring halogenated pentiptycene phenols 12-14 and dihalogenated pentiptycenes 15-17 is reported. Their utilities as building blocks for preparing new pentiptycene-derived pi-conjugated systems through the Sonogashira, Heck, and Suzuki reactions are also demonstrated.
Five pentiptycene-derived stilbene systems (1 R; R = H, OM, NO, Pr, and Bu) have been prepared and investigated as light-driven molecular brakes that have different-sized brake components (1 H<1 OM<1 NO<1 Pr<1 Bu). At room temperature (298 K), rotation of the pentiptycene rotor is fast (k(rot)=10(8)-10(9) s(-1)) with little interaction with the brake… (More)
A light-driven molecular brake displaying an antilock function is constructed by introducing a nonradiative photoinduced electron transfer (PET) decay channel to compete with the trans (brake-off) → cis (brake-on) photoisomerization. A fast release of the brake can be achieved by deactivating the PET process through addition of protons. The cycle of… (More)
The design, synthesis, conformational analysis, and variable-temperature NMR studies of pentiptycene-based molecular gears Pp(2)X, where Pp is the unlabeled (in 1H) or methoxy groups-labeled (in 1OM) pentiptycene rotor and X is the phenylene stator containing ortho-bridged ethynylene axles, are reported. The approach of using shape-persistent rotors of four… (More)
A light-gated molecular brake that displays both high braking power (∼10(7)) and high switching power (∼74%) is reported. The lower rate for brake-on than for brake-off switching of the pentiptycene rotor mimics the function of an antilock braking system (ABS) for vehicles on a loose surface. The brake is also armed with a fluorescence turn-on alarm for… (More)
The synthesis and brakelike performance of a new molecular system (1) consisting of a pentiptycene rotor and a 2-methyleneindanone brake are reported. The rotation kinetics of the rotor was probed by both variable-temperature (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy and DFT calculations, and the switching between the brake-on and brake-off states was conducted by a… (More)