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Molecules involved in self-protection of neurons against glucose/oxygen/serum deprivation (GOSD) were investigated. Trypan blue dye exclusion assay, Western blotting, ELISA, cytokine antibody array and chemical blocking assay were applied in the study. Results showed that early induction (at 6h of GOSD) of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), leptin, transforming(More)
Conditioned medium (CM) collected from cultures of ischemic microglia, astrocytes, and neurons were protective to astrocytes under the in vitro ischemic condition (deprivation of oxygen, glucose and serum). Molecular and signaling pathway(s) responsible for the CMs protective activity were investigated. Results showed that CMs from the ischemic microglia(More)
Patients with adult autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continue to suffer from impairment in socialization and communication skills, and a proportion of them may develop psychiatric symptoms. It is thus likely that physicians in adult psychiatric departments may see a number of patients with ASD. Identification of patients with ASD is helpful and important for(More)
Endogenous hypochlorous acid (HOCl) secreted by leukocytes plays a critical role in both the immune defense of mammalians and the pathogenesis of various diseases intimately related to inflammation. We report the first selective and absolute quantification of endogenous HOCl produced by leukocytes in vitro and in vivo with a novel quantum dot-based sensor.(More)
Molecular mechanism underlying leptin-mediated neuronal protection against glucose-oxygen-serum deprivation (GOSD) insult was investigated by focusing on the interactions among leptin, Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and glutamate and their impacts on the growth of neurons under GOSD. The trypan blue dye exclusion assay, 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)(More)
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