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Very limited information is available concerning the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in pregnant women in eastern China. Therefore, a case-control study was conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in this population group and to identify risk factors and possible routes of contamination. Serum samples were collected from 965 pregnant(More)
—We demonstrate an error-free four-user 10-Gb/s/user optical code-division multiple-access network testbed employing the spectral phase encoded time spreading technique and nonlinear thresholding. The experiments successfully overcome multiuser interference , resulting in error-free operation.
BACKGROUND Toxocarosis is a widespread zoonosis caused by the ascarid nematodes Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, which primarily infect dogs and cats, respectively. Most human infections with Toxocara are asymptomatic; however, some infected individuals may develop a serious illness and even death. Nevertheless, epidemiological knowledge regarding the(More)
—We successfully demonstrate a spectral phase-encoded time-spreading (SPECTS) optical code-division multiple-access (O-CDMA) field trial on an 80.8-km link within the Boston-South Network (BOSSNET) using a fully-integrated, polarization-independent arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG)-based encoder/decoder. The subpicosecond pulse source is based on an(More)
Although proper tongue development is relevant to other structures in the craniofacial region, the molecular details of muscle development in tongue remain poorly understood. Here, we report that pregnant mice treated with retinoic acid (+RA) produce embryos with tongue malformation and a cleft palate. Histological analyses revealed that at E14.5, the(More)
—This paper discusses design, simulation, and experimental investigations of optical-code-division multiple-access (O-CDMA) networking using a spectral phase-encoded time spreading (SPECTS) method. O-CDMA technologies can potentially provide flexible access of optical bandwidths in excess of 1 Tb/s without relying on wavelength-or(More)
—This paper demonstrates an eight-user 9 Gb/s/user time-slotted spectral phase-encoded time-spreading (SPECTS) optical code division multiple access (O-CDMA) testbed. Experimentally measured performance is compared to numerical simulations. The testbed employs a novel compact fiber-pigtailed bulk-optics setup that utilizes a single two-dimensional (2-D)(More)
—This letter presents a high-capacity optical code-division multiple-access (O-CDMA) network testbed based on the spectral phase-encoded time-spreading technique. Two 10-Gb/s/user O-CDMA network architectures (time-slotted and time-slotted polarization multiplexed) are investigated. The first O-CDMA network testbed architecture utilizes eight encoders and a(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite that infects a wide variety of warm-blooded hosts, including humans. Limited information about T. gondii infection in bats is available in China. The objective of the present study was to determine prevalence and genetic characterization of T. gondii infection in bats in Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangxi and(More)