Wei-Sing Chu

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In vitro human prostate cell culture models are critical for clarifying the mechanism of prostate cancer progression and for testing preventive and therapeutic agents. Cell lines ideal for the study of human primary prostate tumors would be those derived from spontaneously immortalized tumor cells; unfortunately, explanted primary prostate cells survive(More)
Rb protein in its hypophosphorylated form acts as a cell cycle regulator for G1 arrest. Both cyclin D1 overexpression and P16(INK4) loss of protein produce persistent hyperphosphorylation of Rb with resultant evasion of cell cycle arrest. To better establish the mechanisms of loss of Rb function in neuroendocrine lung tumors, we performed an(More)
BACKGROUND Human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive and recurrent malignancy. Identification of unique or overexpressed cell-associated or cell surface antigens is critical for diagnosis and development of cancer vaccines and targeted therapies for HNSCC. We have used high throughput microarray technology to search for candidate(More)
In clinical practice, molecular analysis of tumor specimens is often restricted by available technology for sample preparation. Virtually all current methods require homogenization of tissues for molecule extraction. We have developed a simple, rapid, nondestructive molecule extraction (NDME) method to extract proteins and nucleic acids directly from a(More)
Glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) mediates the transport of glucose across the cellular membrane. Its elevated levels and/or activation have been shown to be associated with malignancy. The aim of this study was to investigate GLUT-1 expression in pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinomas. Tissue microarray-based samples of 178 neuroendocrine carcinomas, including(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a dominantly inherited autoinflammatory syndrome that results from mutations in TNFRSF1A, the gene that encodes the 55-kd tumor necrosis factor receptor. Clinically, patients present with recurrent episodes of fever in conjunction with localized inflammation at various sites. Myalgia is(More)
We demonstrate that high-frequency and high-intensity ultrasound (US) can be applied to both tissue fixation and tissue processing to complete the conventional overnight formalin-fixation and paraffin-embedding (FFPE) procedures within 1 hr. US-facilitated FFPE retains superior tissue morphology and long-term room temperature storage stability than(More)
Formalin fixation and paraffin embedding are conventional tissue preservation and processing methods used for histologic diagnosis in over 90% of cases. However, formalin fixation has three disadvantages: (1) slow fixation (16-24 h) hinders intraoperative decision making, (2) slow quenching of enzymatic activity causes RNA degradation, and (3) extensive(More)
CONTEXT Alpha-methylacyl CoA racemase (AMACR) is an oxidative enzyme involved in isomeric transformation of fatty acids entering the beta-oxidation pathway. AMACR serves as a useful marker in establishing a diagnosis of prostatic malignancy; however, limited information is available in regard to its presence in pulmonary neoplasms. OBJECTIVE To(More)
CONTEXT Most posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1) is important in the transformation of B lymphocytes through its interaction with intracellular tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) that, in turn, can activate(More)
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