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Trans-cinnamaldehyde (TCA), an essential oil in cinnamon powder, may have beneficial effects as a treatment for stroke which is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Post-ischemic inflammation induces neuronal cell damage after stroke, and activation of microglia, in particular, has been thought as the main contributor of proinflammatory and(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the possible anatomic sites and risk factors for the development of confusion or delirium in patients with posterior cerebral arterial (PCA) infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-nine patients aged 34-86 years with PCA infarction were divided into two groups: one with and the other without perturbed mentation. The clinical and(More)
Involvement of the brain is one of the most important complications of Behçet's disease, but its diagnosis is difficult because of the lack of effective imaging tools. Therefore, technetium-99m ethyl cysteinate dimer (Tc-99m ECD) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the brain was used to detect abnormal regional cerebral blood flow in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between the use of zolpidem and risk of subsequent stroke in Taiwanese patients. METHOD This case-control study used data obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database to determine whether the use of zolpidem is associated with an increased risk of stroke. The case group comprised 12,747 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS This cohort study assessed the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and the risk of future ischemic stroke. METHODS The IBD cohort comprised adult patients (≥ 20years old) who had received either ambulatory or inpatient care between 1998 and 2011 and IBD-free controls were randomly selected from the general population(More)
We report the clinical features and dopamine transporter [2-[[2-[[[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-2-yl]methyl](2-mercaptoethyl)amino]ethyl]amino]ethanethiolato(3-)-N2,N20,S2,S20]oxo-[1R-(exo-exo)]-[99mTc] technetium([99mTc]TRODAT-1) image finding in an 86-year-old woman with akinetic mutism due to infarction of bilateral anterior(More)
OBJECTIVE Movement-related cortical potentials (MRCP; nomenclature of MRCP components according to Shibasaki and Hallett (Shibasaki H, Hallett M. What is the Bereitschaftspotential? Clin Neurophysiol 2006;117:2341-56) were studied in patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) to elucidate the pathophysiology of voluntary movement. METHODS We studied nine(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between benzodiazepine (BZD) use and risk of incident stroke by utilizing data from 2000 to 2003 from the National Health Insurance system of Taiwan. METHODS Study subjects consisted of 38,671 patients with new BZD use and 38,663 people without BZD use who were frequency-matched for(More)
OBJECTIVE Inflammatory processes, which provoke alternations of neurotransmitter metabolism, neuroendocrine function, and neuroplasticity in the brain, might promote depression. In depression patients who do not exhibit risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, Parkinson's disease and dementia, particularly in young(More)
PURPOSE Inflammatory processes, which raise the unsteadiness of brain neuron membrane potentials, might enhance the development of epilepsy. Inflammation is a substantial indicator of epilepsy risk. In this study, we evaluated whether chronic osteomyelitis (COM), a chronic inflammatory disease, increases epilepsy risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS A Taiwanese(More)