Learn More
The kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) is an economically and nutritionally important fruit crop with remarkably high vitamin C content. Here we report the draft genome sequence of a heterozygous kiwifruit, assembled from ~140-fold next-generation sequencing data. The assembled genome has a total length of 616.1 Mb and contains 39,040 genes. Comparative(More)
Previous studies have shown that both hepatitis A virus and hepatitis C virus inhibit innate immunity by cleaving the mitochondrial antiviral signaling (MAVS) protein, an essential component of the virus-activated signaling pathway that activates NF-kappaB and IFN regulatory factor-3 to induce the production of type I IFN. For human hepatitis B virus (HBV),(More)
In a double blind, 3x3 factorial (volumexdose) study, 70 adult females (18-60 years of age) at four different international sites (total pooled n=269) were given 100, 150, or 200ml of bottled drinking water with 0.4, 0.8, or 1.2mg of copper (Cu) as the sulfate salt once each week. Two additional doses (0 and 1.6mg Cu) were added at the 200ml volume to(More)
Mitochondrial DNA sequences are extensively used as genetic markers not only for studies of population or ecological genetics, but also for phylogenetic and evolutionary analyses. Complete mt-sequences can reveal information about gene order and its variation, as well as gene and genome evolution when sequences from multiple phyla are compared.(More)
We compared the two sources of adipose and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs and AMSCs ) in multiple differentiation capacity and biological characteristics to provide a theoretical basis for stem cells transplantation. We isolated bone marrow- and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and compared their phenotype,cell doubling time, the(More)
Achromatopsia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which shows color blindness, severely impaired visual acuity, and extreme sensitivity to bright light. Mutations in the alpha subunits of the cone cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (CNGA3) are responsible for about 1/4 of achromatopsia in the U.S. and Europe. Here, we test whether gene replacement therapy(More)
Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is an autoimmune neurological disorder characterized by autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. To search for biomarkers that distinguish SPS from other neurological disorders (OND), we used surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of lupus nephritis (LN) remains challenging. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of a multitarget therapy consisting of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroid compared with intravenous cyclophosphamide and steroid as induction therapy for LN. DESIGN 24-week randomized, open-label, multicenter study.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of IL-17 in the overproduction of autoantibodies and IL-6 overexpression by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of lupus nephritis (LN) patients. METHODS Fifteen consecutively hospitalized LN patients were selected as subjects and 15 healthy adults as normal controls. PBMC were obtained by Ficoll density gradient(More)
The neocortex contains glutamatergic excitatory neurons and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic inhibitory interneurons. Extensive studies have revealed substantial insights into excitatory neuron production. However, our knowledge of the generation of GABAergic interneurons remains limited. Here we show that periventricular blood vessels selectively influence(More)