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BACKGROUND Existing evidence suggests that proinflammatory cytokines play an intermediary role in postchemotherapy cognitive impairment. This is one of the largest multicentered, cohort studies conducted in Singapore to evaluate the prevalence and proinflammatory biomarkers associated with cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluated whether additional palliative benefits could be derived from the second-line use of the more potent bisphosphonate zoledronic acid in metastatic breast cancer patients with either progressive bone metastases or skeletal-related events (SRE), despite first-line therapy with either pamidronate or clodronate. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Despite bisphosphonate treatment, most patients with metastatic breast cancer will have either progressive bone metastases or skeletal related events (SREs). We evaluated the impact of second-line ibandronate on pain control and markers of bone turnover in these patients. METHODS Patients with either an SRE or bony progression while on(More)
Because bone metastases cause significant pain, we developed a questionnaire to evaluate its nature, severity, and impact. This 16-item questionnaire is the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Pain (FACT-BP). We also developed a 13/18-item questionnaire, the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Treatment Satisfaction-Bone Treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency has potential roles in breast cancer etiology and progression. Vitamin D deficiency has also been associated with increased toxicity from bisphosphonate therapy. The optimal dose of vitamin D supplementation is unknown, but daily sunlight exposure can generate the equivalent of a 10,000-IU oral dose of vitamin D(3). This(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer is one of the most challenging solid organ malignancies. This is due to its aggressiveness, frequent late presentation as advanced disease and chemoresistance. A better understanding of the molecular basis of its drug resistance is needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this study, the first of its kind, the expression of both MDR1(More)
OBJECTIVES This is the first reported study to determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function (FACT-Cog), a validated subjective neuropsychological instrument designed to evaluate cancer patients' perceived cognitive deterioration. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Breast cancer patients(More)
The benefits of bisphosphonates (BPs) in reducing skeletal-related events (SREs) in patients with bone metastases has mainly been attributed to their potent osteoclast inhibiting effect. However, despite the use of modern systemic anticancer therapy including potent BPs, many patients with bone metastases continue to have SREs. An improved understanding of(More)
BACKGROUND Renal cell carcinoma patients respond poorly to conventional chemotherapy, this unresponsiveness may be attributable to multidrug resistance (MDR). The mechanisms of MDR in renal cancer are not fully understood and the specific contribution of ABC transporter proteins which have been implicated in the chemoresistance of various cancers has not(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant melanoma, generally described as incurable, is notoriously refractory to chemotherapy. The mechanisms contributing to this have not yet been defined and the contributions of drug efflux pumps, implicated in chemo-resistance of many other cancer types, have not been extensively investigated in melanoma. METHODS In this study,(More)