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In vitro, β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides form polymorphic fibrils, with molecular structures that depend on growth conditions, plus various oligomeric and protofibrillar aggregates. Here, we investigate structures of human brain-derived Aβ fibrils, using seeded fibril growth from brain extract and data from solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and electron(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a moderate-intensity static magnetic field (SMF) can enhance the killing effect of adriamycin (ADM) on K562 cells, and to explore the effects of SMF combined with ADM on K562 cells. We analyzed the metabolic activity of cells, cell cycle distribution, DNA damage, change in cell ultrastructure, and(More)
A new method for sensitive and fast screening of melamine (MEL) in milk products was developed with a low-cost disposable microfluidic device coupled with ultraviolet (UV) detection. This method avoided the need of sample pretreatment prior to the separation process, thus was simple and green. Due to the advantages of the device and fracture sampling(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Amplatz dilation (AD), metal telescopic dilation (MTD), balloon dilation (BD), and one-shot dilation (OSD) methods for tract dilation during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Relevant eligible studies were identified using three electronic databases (Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is "enveloped" by a membrane, and infection of a host cell begins with fusion between viral and target cell membranes. Fusion is catalyzed by the HIV gp41 protein which contains a functionally critical approximately 20-residue apolar "fusion peptide" (HFP) that associates with target cell membranes. In this study,(More)
This work investigates the interaction of N-terminal gp41 fusion peptide (FP) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) with model membranes in order to elucidate how FP leads to fusion of HIV and T-cell membranes. FP constructs were (i) wild-type FP23 (23 N-terminal amino acids of gp41), (ii) water-soluble monomeric FP that adds six lysines on the(More)
Additional resources and features associated with this article are available within the HTML version: • Supporting Information • Access to high resolution figures • Links to articles and content related to this article • Copyright permission to reproduce figures and/or text from this article ABSTRACT: For enveloped viruses such as HIV, an ∼20-residue(More)
PURPOSE We determined whether antibiotic prophylaxis can reduce the risk of postoperative infective complications in men undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) who have preoperative urine with less than 100,000 bacteria per ml. MATERIALS AND METHODS MEDLINE, EMBASE (Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands) and the Cochrane Library(More)
Fusion between the membrane of HIV and the membrane of a host cell is a crucial step in HIV infection and is catalyzed by the binding of the fusion peptide domain (HFP) of the HIV gp41 protein to the host cell membrane. The HFP by itself induces vesicle fusion and is a useful model system to understand the fusion peptide/host cell membrane interaction. This(More)
Wild-type, full-length (40- and 42-residue) amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) fibrils have been shown by a variety of magnetic resonance techniques to contain cross-β structures in which the β-sheets have an in-register parallel supramolecular organization. In contrast, recent studies of fibrils formed in vitro by the Asp23-to-Asn mutant of 40-residue Aβ(More)